Mika Paldanius

Learn More
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in young children is most commonly associated with viral infections; however, the role of viruses in CAP of school-age children is still inconclusive. METHODS Seventy-five school-age children hospitalized with CAP were prospectively evaluated for the presence of viral and bacterial pathogens. Nasopharyngeal(More)
Serological methods are routinely used in the diagnosis of viral and atypical bacterial respiratory infections. Recently, they have also been applied to typical bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae. The aim of this study was to determine the aetiology of paediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in both ambulatory and hospitalized patients, by(More)
Simkania negevensis, a recently found Chlamydia-like organism, has been associated with respiratory infections in children and adults with pneumonia, but S. negevensis findings have been common also without any infection. The aims of the present paper were to evaluate S. negevensis in the aetiology of paediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), its(More)
We report an investigation for 16 bacteria and viruses among 184 children hospitalized with pneumonia in Salvador, Brazil. Etiology was established in 144 (78%) cases. Viral, bacterial, and mixed infections were found in 110 (60%), 77 (42%), and 52 (28%) patients, respectively. Rhinovirus (21%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (21%) were the most common(More)
AIMS Low-grade inflammation might mediate associations between size at birth, early life growth, excessive weight gain, and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life. Our aim was to investigate relationships between fetal growth, weight over the life course, and low-grade inflammation measured by serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP)(More)
Simkania negevensis, a recently found Chlamydia-like organism, has been associated with bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children. S. negevensis findings have been common also in healthy, non-symptomatic subjects. Antibodies to S. negevensis were measured by microimmunofluorescence in 174 frozen paired sera obtained from children with community acquired(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the serological association between previous Chlamydia trachomatis infection and subfertility in a general population sample. A nested case (n = 493)-control (n = 986) study in a population-based birth cohort consisting of 12,058 live births from the year 1966 was conducted. The analysis was restricted to those 6007(More)
Empirical antibiotic use is prescribed in managing children with pneumonia worldwide. We assessed the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) and interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia. Among 159 hospitalized children, pneumonia was diagnosed based on clinical complaints plus pulmonary infiltrate. Aetiology was investigated(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is an obligatory intracellular bacterium causing chronic inflammatory diseases in humans. We studied the role of the nutritive factors, iron and tryptophan, towards the course of infection and immune response pathways in C. pneumoniae infected endothelial cells and monocytes. Human endothelial (EA.hy923) and monocytic cells (THP-1) were(More)