Mika P. Koivikko

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INTRODUCTION This study reports the effects of various doses of BTX-A when treating equinus gait in cerebral palsy in a clinical setting at a tertiary hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-nine children with CP (age 1.5-9.6 yrs, GMFCS I-IV) met the preset inclusion criteria. The treatment episodes per child ranged from 1 to 5 and the effects on a total of 80 legs in(More)
The evolution of neurophysiological features including the electroencephalogram (EEG), electroretinogram (ERG), and visual evoked potentials (VEP) is reported in eight cases of Menkes' "kinky hair" disease. All EEGs were severely abnormal, with some characteristic features seen from 3-5 months of age, after the onset of clinical symptomatology. From the age(More)
Two siblings, a boy and a girl born in a nonconsanguineous marriage, presented with a similar clinical course. Sucking and breathing difficulties appeared within a few weeks of birth. Clinical examination revealed profound muscular hypotonia, hepatomegaly, increased serum creatine kinase activities, and lactic acidosis. Both infants were treated with gavage(More)
PURPOSE Craniosynostosis may lead to reduced intracranial volume (ICV) and disturb normal brain growth and development. Thus, ICV is an important parameter with respect to the surgical outcome. Current methods for ICV determination from computed tomography (CT) images have drawbacks. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the novel(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to compare pre- and postoperative cephalic indexes (CI) with corresponding segmented intracranial volumes (SIV) obtained from volumetric CT in scaphocephalic patients. METHODS Twenty-four patients (17 boys) who had undergone cranial vault remodeling due to scaphocephaly were compared from 3D-CT imaging datasets. The mean age of(More)
Speech recognition (SR) speeds patient care processes by reducing report turnaround times. However, concerns have emerged about prolonged training and an added secretarial burden for radiologists. We assessed how much proofing radiologists who have years of experience with SR and radiologists new to SR must perform, and estimated how quickly the new users(More)
BACKGROUND In order to compare the morphometry of foramen magnum (FM) in a matched-pair study, in children with non-syndromic craniosynostosis with and without Chiari I malformation (CMI), both brain magnetic resonance (MRI) and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images were utilized. METHODS Brain MR images were retrieved from the Helsinki(More)
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