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We have used Gerbera hybrida (the cultivated ornamental, gerera) to investigate the molecular basis of flower development in Asteraceae, a family of flowering plants that have heteromorphic flowers and specialized floral organs. Flowers of the same genotype may differ in a number of parameters, including sex expression, symmetry, sympetaly and pigmentation.(More)
We are approaching corolla differentiation in Compositae by studying the regulation of flavonoid pathway genes during inflorescence development in gerbera. We have cloned a dfr cDNA from a ray floret corolla cDNA library of Gerbera hybrida var. Regina by a PCR technique based on homologies found in genes isolated from other plant species. The functionality(More)
Despite the differences in flower form, the underlying mechanism in determining the identity of floral organs is largely conserved among different angiosperms, but the details of how the functions of A, B, and C are specified varies greatly among plant species. Here, we report functional analysis of a Gerbera MADS box gene, GRCD1, which is orthologous to(More)
Development of composite inflorescences in the plant family Asteraceae has features that cannot be studied in the traditional model plants for flower development. In Gerbera hybrida, inflorescences are composed of morphologically different types of flowers tightly packed into a flower head (capitulum). Individual floral organs such as pappus bristles(More)
Reproductive transition, inflorescence architecture, meristem patterning, and floral organ identity have been studied as distinct research areas in plant science. By using the ornamental plant Gerbera, we demonstrate that all of these keystone aspects of reproductive meristematic fate are integrated genetically by a single SEPALLATA-like MADS-box gene from(More)
Plant-specific polyketide synthase genes constitute a gene superfamily, including universal chalcone synthase [CHS; malonyl-CoA:4-coumaroyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing) (EC] genes, sporadically distributed stilbene synthase (SS) genes, and atypical, as-yet-uncharacterized CHS-like genes. We have recently isolated from Gerbera hybrida(More)
Recent studies on chalcone synthase (CHS) and the related stilbene synthase (STS) suggest that the structure of chs-like genes in plants has evolved into different forms, whose members have both different regulation and capacity to code for different but related enzymatic activities. We have studied the diversity of chs-like genes by analysing the(More)
According to the classical ABC model, B-function genes are involved in determining petal and stamen development. Most core eudicot species have B class genes belonging to three different lineages: the PI, euAP3, and TM6 lineages, although both Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum appear to have lost their TM6-like gene. Functional studies were performed for three(More)
The angiosperm family Asteraceae is characterized by composite inflorescences, which are highly organized structures consisting of different types of flowers. In order to approach the control of floral organ differentiation in Asteraceae at molecular level, we are studying regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis in Gerbera hybrida. Dihydroflavonol-4-reductase(More)
Understanding of the molecular interplay, which determines early steps of flower formation has grown considerably during last years. In contrast, genetic actions responsible for how flower organs acquire their size and shape at later phases of organogenesis are still poorly understood. We have exploited the large and anatomically simple Gerbera (Gerbera(More)