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Electrophysiological recordings during visual tasks can shed light on the temporal dynamics of the subjective experience of seeing, visual awareness. This paper reviews studies on electrophysiological correlates of visual awareness operationalized as the difference between event-related potentials (ERPs) in response to stimuli that enter awareness and(More)
Electrophysiological correlates of change detection and change blindness were studied in 12 observers. The ERP difference between detected changes and undetected changes was considered an electrophysiological correlate of visual awareness. Two distinct electrophysiological responses correlated with the awareness of change. First, awareness was associated(More)
Automatic and postlexical semantic processing in the cerebral hemispheres was studied by presenting categorically related but nonassociated word pairs (e.g., TABLE-BED) to the left visual field (LVF) or to the right visual field (RVF) in semantic priming experiments. Experiment 1 examined automatic priming across stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) of 165(More)
Observers often fail to detect the appearance of an unexpected visual object ("inattentional blindness"). Experiment 1 studied the effects of fixation position and spatial attention on inattentional blindness. Eye movements were measured. We found strong inattentional blindness to the unexpected stimulus even when it was fixated and appeared in one of the(More)
The influence of pulsed radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields of digital GSM mobile phones on working memory in healthy subjects were studied. Memory load was varied from 0 to 3 items in an n-back task. Each subject was tested twice within a single session, with and without the RF exposure (902MHz, 217Hz). The RF field speeded up response times when(More)
The present study examined possible influences of a 902 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by cellular telephones on cognitive functioning in 48 healthy humans. A battery of 12 reaction time tasks was performed twice by each participant in a counterbalanced order: once with and once without the exposure to the field. The results showed that the exposure to(More)
The effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by cellular phones on the ERD/ERS of the 4-6 Hz, 6-8 Hz, 8-10 Hz and 10-12 Hz EEG frequency bands were studied in 16 normal subjects performing an auditory memory task. All subjects performed the memory task both with and without exposure to a digital 902 MHz EMF in counterbalanced order. The exposure to(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by cellular phones on the event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) responses of the 4-6, 6-8, 8-10 and 10-12Hz EEG frequency bands during cognitive processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four subjects performed a visual sequential letter task (n-back task) with three(More)
Automatic and controlled influences of memory were examined in 12 patients with early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 12 control subjects. The subjects studied a list of words and then received three-letter word stems in three different retrieval tasks. In an indirect memory task (word-stem completion priming), they were asked to produce the first word that(More)