Mika Koivikko

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PURPOSE To determine the point prevalence of active childhood epilepsy in a defined area and evaluate the usefulness of ILAE classification of seizures, and epilepsies/syndromes with special interest in severe epilepsies. METHODS By using the latest ILAE International Classification of Epileptic Seizures (ICES, 1981) and Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes(More)
This retrospective study includes 65 children treated for status epilepticus at Tampere University Hospital in Finland. Aetiology of the condition, effectiveness of the treatment protocol, including short barbiturate anaesthesia to prevent prolonged status epilepticus episodes, and neurological outcome were evaluated. Symptomatic aetiology was present in(More)
BACKGROUND Patients diagnosed with osteosarcoma in Finland during 1991-2005 were retrospectively analyzed in a nationwide, population-based study. We focused on the incidence, treatment and outcome of osteosarcoma patients. We also evaluated the value of known prognostic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS Osteosarcomas were retrieved from the files of the(More)
The evolution of neurophysiological features including the electroencephalogram (EEG), electroretinogram (ERG), and visual evoked potentials (VEP) is reported in eight cases of Menkes' "kinky hair" disease. All EEGs were severely abnormal, with some characteristic features seen from 3-5 months of age, after the onset of clinical symptomatology. From the age(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to find out how the occurrence of subjective daytime sleepiness (SDS) in schoolchildren had changed after 2 years follow-up and which were the predictors associated with persistence and appearance of SDS. METHODS A total of 107 schoolchildren with SDS (Group 1) and an equal number without SDS (Group 2) were chosen to(More)
During a twelve-month period five cases of extensive periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants with a gestational age of 31-32 weeks were diagnosed by routine ultrasound screening of preterm infants. The perinatal courses and later development of these infants were compared with 12 other infants with a comparable gestational age born during the(More)
Factors contributing to the duration of a single convulsive seizure > 5 minutes were analyzed in 157 children. The medically treated episodes were compared with seizure episodes resolving without treatment (n = 27). Major differences were in age (p = 0.016) and etiology (p = 0.003), and the association between treatment delay and response became significant(More)
This study comprised 103 preterm infants with a gestational age less than 33 weeks who were born in Tampere University Hospital and who were followed up to two years of age. Sixty-four perinatal variables were compared to ultrasound findings in the neonatal period and neurologic handicap at the age of two years. Duration of hypocarbia (PCO2 < or = 30 mmHg)(More)
Parameters of calcium metabolism were thoroughly examined in 28 adolescents with long-term (over 6 years) anticonvulsant therapy (phenytoin, carbamazepine or combination) and in 10 normal controls in September and in March. The adolescents did not receive any vitamin D supplementation during the study. Serum calcium, inorganic phosphorus, parathyroid(More)