Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the prognostic value of perfusion MR imaging in various gliomas has been investigated, that in high-grade astrocytomas alone has not been fully evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively whether the tumor maximum relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) on pretreatment perfusion MR imaging is of(More)
The expression pattern of E- and P-cadherin in human carcinomas has been reported by many laboratories. However, little is known about the involvement of other cadherin types in human carcinomas. cDNA clones for a cadherin molecule were isolated from a cDNA library of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells which lacked E- and P-cadherin expression but(More)
BACKGROUND After confirming a favorable outcome of laparoscopic surgery for early colorectal cancer, we conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare short-term outcomes of laparoscopic and open colectomy for advanced colorectal cancer. METHODS Fifty-nine patients with T2 or T3 colorectal cancer were randomized to undergo laparoscopic (n = 29) or(More)
We identified three novel human type-II classic cadherins, cadherin-7, -9 and -10, by cDNA cloning and sequencing, and confirmed that they interact with catenins and function in cell-cell adhesion as do other classic cadherins. Cell-cell binding activities of the eight human type-II classic cadherins, including the three new molecules, were evaluated by(More)
Bovine cytochrome P-450(11 beta) gene (CYP11B) has six different cis-acting elements, Ad1, Ad2, Ad3, Ad4, Ad5, and Ad6, in the promoter region. The Ad4 site also exists in the promoter regions of other steroidogenic P-450 genes as well as in CYP11B1. An Ad4-binding protein (Ad4BP) which specifically binds to the Ad4 site was purified from bovine adrenal(More)
The objective of this study is to compare the detectability of brain metastases at 3T among three contrast-enhanced sequences, spin-echo (SE) sequence, inversion recovery fast SE (IR-FSE) sequence (both with section thickness of 6 mm), and three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient-echo (3D fast SPGR) sequence with 1.4 mm isotropic voxel. First, phantom(More)
Sivelestat sodium hydrate is a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE), and is effective in acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The effect of Sivelestat for postoperative clinical courses after transthoracic esophagectomy was investigated. Consecutive patients with carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus who(More)
There is increasing evidence that catecholestrogens may contribute to the development of breast cancer. Specifically, inactivation of catecholestrogens may prevent the genesis and arrest the progression of the disease. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), Glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 and GSTP1 are responsible for the detoxification of(More)
In human solid cancer, lymph node status is the most important indicator for clinical outcome. Recent developments in the sentinel lymph node concept and technology have resulted in a more precise way of examining micrometastasis in the sentinel lymph node and the role of lymphovascular system in the facilitation of cancer metastasis. Different patterns of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and tumor microvessel density (MVD) were examined by immunohistochemical staining in 117 cases of thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Thirty-six (31%) of the 117 cases were evaluated as VEGF-positive. The average number of metastatic lymph nodes at surgery was 5.6 in the VEGF-positive cases and(More)