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PURPOSE To determine whether partial loss of the hippocampal striation (PLHS) at 3.0 T is more accurate than the currently accepted methods of using conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to detect hippocampal sclerosis in medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study had institutional review board approval,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE QUASAR is a particular application of the ASL method and facilitates the user-independent quantification of brain perfusion. The purpose of this study was to assess the intermodality agreement of TBF measurements obtained with ASL and DSC MR imaging and the inter- and intraobserver reproducibility of glioma TBF measurements acquired(More)
PURPOSE To study MR images for atrophic changes in the calcarine area resulting from retinal degeneration. METHODS MR images from nine patients with retinal degeneration confirmed by ophthalmologic examination and from 30 healthy volunteers were reviewed. The causes of retinal degeneration were hereditary pigmentary degeneration of the retina (four(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CSF enhancement on MR images after intravenous administration of gadolinium chelate, which mimics subarachnoid hemorrhage, has been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine whether CSF enhancement can be seen on serial MR images following administration of contrast material in patients with transthyretin-related familial(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to compare the visibility of the normal subthalamic nucleus (STN) between fast spin-echo T2-weighted (FSE T2-W) images and fast short inversion time inversion-recovery (FSTIR) images, and to assess the age-related changes of the STN at 3.0 T. METHODS We evaluated high-resolution FSE T2-W and FSTIR images in 24(More)
PURPOSE To assess magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) due to hemorrhage and correlate them with pathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR imaging was performed in 11 patients--eight with pontine tegmental hemorrhages (THs) and three with cerebellar hemorrhages in the dentate nuclei. The interval from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Differentiation between tumor recurrence and treatment-related brain injury is often difficult with conventional MRI. We hypothesized that the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) could help differentiate these 2 conditions, because water diffusion may be greater for necrotic tissues in the treatment-related brain injury than for tumor(More)
The objective of this study is to compare the detectability of brain metastases at 3T among three contrast-enhanced sequences, spin-echo (SE) sequence, inversion recovery fast SE (IR-FSE) sequence (both with section thickness of 6 mm), and three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient-echo (3D fast SPGR) sequence with 1.4 mm isotropic voxel. First, phantom(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a hyperintense layer adjacent to the lateral ventricle on T2-weighted MR images represents the optic radiation. METHODS We reviewed 11 brain specimens from patients with nonneurologic diseases and MR images from 43 healthy volunteers. The MR images in a patient with cerebral infarction involving the lateral geniculate body(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a severe and progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by the peroxisomal transporter ATP-binding cassette, subfamily D, member 1 gene mutations. The defect of this gene product results in accumulation of very-long-chain fatty acids in organs and serum, central demyelination, and peripheral axonopathy. Although there are(More)