Mika Jikumaru

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Although chemotherapy is an important method for the treatment of patients with cancer, its efficacy is limited because of different sensitivities of tumor cells to anticancer agents and/or side effects on normal tissues. The present work demonstrates that mitochondria play a crucial role in the apoptosis of cancer cells induced by anticancer agents that(More)
We previously reported that topical irradiation of the eye by ultraviolet-B (UVB) activated hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-A) of the mouse to increase 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA)-positive melanocytes in the skin by an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-dependent mechanism. This work demonstrates that irradiation of the eye by(More)
Irradiation by ultraviolet A (UVA) initiates the suppression of skin contact hypersensitivity. However, the change in the whole body immunity by UVA irradiation of the eye is still unknown. The mice used in this study were separated into four groups namely: a control, UVA irradiation of the eye, UVA irradiation of the ear, UVA irradiation of the eye + a(More)
We previously reported that superoxide generated in the ovary induces apoptosis of granulosa cells to break down follicular walls, thereby supporting ovulation in rodents, and suggested that oxidative stress underlies the mechanism of ovarian aging. To test this hypothesis, we successfully induced ovulation repeatedly in mice by sequentially administrating(More)
We previously observed that female mice survived significantly longer than male mice under fasting conditions. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the sex different effect of fasting, we analyzed various events induced in male and female mice. Kinetic analysis revealed that fasting elicited hypothermia and decreased muscle weight more apparently in male(More)
The electron transport system required for energy transduction in mitochondria releases free electrons to generate superoxide, which is converted to hydrogen peroxide either spontaneously or by superoxide dismutase (SOD). In the presence of catalase and/or peroxidases, hydrogen peroxide is converted to water and hypochlorite (when metabolized by(More)
The immunological properties and hormonal metabolism in rodents are affected by physical and psychological stress more strongly in males than in females. To elucidate the mechanism and physiological significance of the sex difference in the susceptibility of animal to stresses, changes in the immunological system in plasma and intestine and hormonal status(More)
BACKGROUND alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a neuropeptide that controls melanogenesis in pigmentary cells. In addition, its potent immunomodulatory activity has been recently described in cutaneous inflammatory disorders. However the mechanism of such pollen allergies remains to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate(More)
Because AA (L-ascorbic acid) scavenges various types of free radicals to form MDAA (monodehydroascorbic acid) and DAA (dehydroascorbic acid), its regeneration from the oxidized metabolites is critically important for humans and other animals that lack the ability to synthesize this antioxidant. To study the dynamic aspects of AA metabolism in the(More)
Some gastrointestinal bacteria synthesize hydrogen (H2) by fermentation. Despite the presence of bactericidal factors in human saliva, a large number of bacteria also live in the oral cavity. It has never been shown that oral bacteria also produce H2 or what role H2 might play in the oral cavity. It was found that a significant amount of H2 is synthesized(More)