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BACKGROUND World Health Organisation (WHO) has introduced a surgical safety checklist that has reduced post-operative morbidity and mortality. Prior to national checklist implementation, we assessed its possible impact on the operating room (OR) process, safety-related issues and communication among surgical staff in a high-income country. METHODS In four(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chest-wall contouring surgery is an important part of the gender reassignment process that contributes to strengthening the self-image and facilitating living in the new gender role. Here, we analyze the surgical techniques used in our clinic and report the results. MATERIAL AND METHODS Female-to-male transgender patients (n = 57)(More)
The present study investigated whether autonomic arousal to direct gaze is related to social impairments among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Arousal was measured through skin conductance responses (SCR) while the participants (15 children with ASD and 16 control children) viewed a live face of another person. Impairments in social skills was(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is increasingly used in various diseases as a clinical tool for assessing the integrity of the brain's white matter. Reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) and an increased apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) are nonspecific findings in most pathological processes affecting the brain's parenchyma. At present, there is(More)
Resilient individuals manifest adaptive behavior and are better able to recover from adversity. The association between resilience and outcome from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is examined, and the reliability and validity of the Resilience Scale and its short form in mTBI research is evaluated. Patients with mTBI (n=74) and orthopedic controls (n=39)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of voice treatment including brief voice therapy for 12 months in two groups of voice patients: organic and functional. DESIGN AND METHODS A clinical prospective follow-up study with repeated measurements in five phases: medical session, first voice therapy session, last voice therapy session, and 6 months and 12 months(More)
BACKGROUND Excess mortality among people with schizophrenia due to natural and unnatural causes, especially due to suicides, is a well-known fact. It has been suggested that deinstitutionalization increases suicide mortality but there are also contradictory results. We studied the changes in mortality and causes of death among schizophrenia sufferers during(More)
Asthma risk is lower after wheezing associated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) than with non-RSV infection in infancy. RSV is the main wheezing-associated virus in infants aged <6 months. We evaluated the outcome of children hospitalised for bronchiolitis at <6 months of age, with special focus on viral aetiology and early risk factors. Out of 205(More)
Specific antibody deficiency (SAD) to unconjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) is an established primary B cell immunodeficiency. The occurrence and natural history of SAD in children is unclear. We conducted an observational study to identify SAD in children with recurrent respiratory infections. Ninety-nine children, mean age 5·9 (range 2-16) years, with(More)
BACKGROUND It is suggested that the incidence of schizophrenia is decreasing. However, changes in the number of psychiatric beds available and diagnostic practice have not always been taken into account. We studied the annual first-admission rate (per 100,000) for schizophrenia (FARsch) during a rapid deinstitutionalisation period in Finland. METHOD From(More)