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BACKGROUND Care during pregnancy and labour is of great importance in every culture. Studies show that people of migrant origin have barriers to obtaining accessible and good quality care compared to people in the host society. The aim of this study is to compare the access to and use of maternity services, and their outcomes among ethnic minority women(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate pregnancy outcomes in Somali-born women compared with those women born in each of the six receiving countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Norway and Sweden. DESIGN Meta-analyses of routinely collected data on confinements and births. SETTING National or regional perinatal datasets spanning 3-6 years(More)
BACKGROUND The number of children born after frozen embryo transfer (FET) is steadily rising. However, studies on obstetric and perinatal outcomes are limited. Our primary aim was to compare the perinatal health of children born after FET and fresh embryo transfer, and to use data from children born after spontaneous conception as a reference. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND The rate of repeat induced abortion varies from 30% to 38% in northern Europe. Thus, repeat abortion is an important public health issue. However, risk factors as regards repeat abortion are poorly understood. We characterized risk factors related to sociodemographic characteristics, history of abortion and post-abortal contraception. STUDY(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the neonatal outcome and the prevalence of congenital malformations in children born after IVF in northern Finland we carried out a population-based study with matched controls. METHODS Firstly, 304 IVF children born in 1990-1995 were compared with 569 controls, representing the general population in proportion of multiple births,(More)
Influxes of migrant women of childbearing age to receiving countries have made their perinatal health status a key priority for many governments. The international research collaboration Reproductive Outcomes And Migration (ROAM) reviewed published studies to assess whether migrants in western industrialised countries have consistently poorer perinatal(More)
OBJECTIVE In Norway, we have experienced a gradual increase in the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries from under 1% in the late 1960s to 4.3% in 2004. This study was aimed to assess whether an interventional program causes a decrease in the frequency of anal sphincter tears. METHODS In all, 40,152 vaginal deliveries between 2003 and 2009 were(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the relationships among maternal smoking in pregnancy, fetal development, and the risk of asthma in childhood. METHODS We conducted a population-based cohort study, where all 58 841 singleton births were followed for 7 years using nationwide registries. RESULTS Maternal smoking increased the risk of asthma (adjusted odds ratio =(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to use nationwide registries to examine the health of children up to 4 years of age who were born as a result of in vitro fertilization. METHODS Children born after in vitro fertilization (N = 4559) from 1996 to 1999 were monitored until 2003. Two control groups were selected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register(More)
In 1993, in Finland at least 0.7% of all pregnancies ending in birth were assisted by in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The purpose of this study was to compare IVF mothers with other mothers, and the perinatal health and health care costs of IVF infants to those of other infants. The main source of information was the Medical Birth Register for 1991-1993 (n =(More)