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CONTEXT Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis with neuronal differentiating activity, inhibits endothelial cell injury in vitro, thus suggesting the involvement of PEDF in atherosclerosis. Therefore, elucidating the relationship between serum levels of PEDF and coronary risk factors could provide a clue to(More)
The advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-receptor for AGE (RAGE) axis is implicated in diabetic vascular complications. Administration of soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) to mice has been shown to block the AGE-elicited tissue damage by acting as a decoy. These observations suggest that endogenous sRAGE may capture and eliminate circulating AGEs and decrease(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between intake of N-3 fatty acids and incidence of stroke. And, there is a high incidence of stroke in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. We investigated the relationship between intake of N-3 fatty acids and carotid atherosclerosis in the cross-sectional study. A total of 1920 Japanese, aged(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels could predict longevity in residents. DESIGN Prospective community-based cohort study. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS Nine hundred forty subjects (396 men, 544 women; aged 21 to 88) underwent a health examination in 1978. Serum DHEAS levels were measured according to(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a circulating endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor. It has been reported that plasma levels of ADMA are related to intima-media thickness (IMT) in small numbers. We investigated this issue in a large number of subjects without overt cerebro-cardiovascular diseases. A total of 712 subjects (305 men and 407(More)
This study was designed to determine the relationship between plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and the development of carotid atherosclerosis. Cross-sectional studies have revealed that plasma ADMA concentration is correlated with the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery, but no prospective studies have appeared. Therefore we(More)
In Japan, metabolic syndrome used to be rare, and the level of coffee consumption was low. However, the Japanese life style has been changing rapidly, and these changes have been associated with a steady increase in the frequency of metabolic syndrome and with greater consumption of coffee. We examined the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is a novel gastric peptide identified in 1999 as a 'hunger hormone'. Plasma ghrelin level is decreased in human obesity. Factors associated with ghrelin have been mainly investigated in western countries where the prevalence of obesity is high. The aim of this study is to examine factors associated with plasma ghrelin in a Japanese general(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with cancer, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is elevated and is a predictor of prognosis. We investigated whether serum HGF was a predictive marker for cancer death in a population of community-dwelling Japanese. METHODS We studied 1492 apparently healthy Japanese adults who underwent health examinations in 1999. Those who reported a(More)
Aldosterone plays a role in hypertension, and hypertension is prevalent in patients with insulin resistance. Cross-sectional studies have reported that plasma aldosterone levels are higher in patients with insulin resistance. However, it is not known whether plasma aldosterone levels predict the development of insulin resistance. Subjects of the present(More)