Learn More
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a global bacterial scourge that has become resistant to many classes of antibiotics, and treatment options for MRSA infections are limited. The cause of MRSA resistance to all commercially available beta-lactam antibiotics is the acquisition of the gene mecA, which encodes penicillin-binding protein 2a(More)
The 3D structure of the bacterial peptidoglycan, the major constituent of the cell wall, is one of the most important, yet still unsolved, structural problems in biochemistry. The peptidoglycan comprises alternating N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic disaccharide (NAM) saccharides, the latter of which has a peptide stem. Adjacent peptide stems(More)
Metastasis, the dissemination of tumor cells to distant organs, is often associated with fatal outcome in cancer patients. Formation of metastasis requires degradation of extracellular matrices and several families of proteases have been implicated in this process, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), serine and cysteine proteases. Inhibition of(More)
Penicillin-binding protein 6 (PBP6) is one of the two main DD-carboxypeptidases in Escherichia coli, which are implicated in maturation of bacterial cell wall and formation of cell shape. Here, we report the first X-ray crystal structures of PBP6, capturing its apo state (2.1 A), an acyl-enzyme intermediate with the antibiotic ampicillin (1.8 A), and for(More)
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are highly conserved pattern-recognition molecules of the innate immune system that bind bacterial peptidoglycans (PGNs), which are polymers of alternating N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM) cross-linked by short peptide stems. Human PRGPs are bactericidal against pathogenic and nonpathogenic(More)
The outer membrane protein A (OmpA) plays important roles in anchoring of the outer membrane to the bacterial cell wall. The C-terminal periplasmic domain of OmpA (OmpA-like domain) associates with the peptidoglycan (PGN) layer noncovalently. However, there is a paucity of information on the structural aspects of the mechanism of PGN recognition by(More)
Cerebral ischemia has been shown to induce activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-9, which is associated with impairment of the neurovasculature, resulting in blood–brain barrier breakdown, hemorrhage and neurodegeneration. We previously reported that the thiirane inhibitor SB-3CT, which is selective for gelatinases (MMP-2 and −9),(More)
Pneumococcal bacteriophage-encoded lysins are modular proteins that have been shown to act as enzymatic antimicrobial agents (enzybiotics) in treatment of streptococcal infections. The first x-ray crystal structures of the Cpl-1 lysin, encoded by the pneumococcal phage Cp-1, in complex with three bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan (PG) analogues are reported(More)
[reactions: see text] Compound 1, 2-(4-phenoxyphenylsulfonylmethyl)thiirane, is a selective inhibitor of gelatinases, which is showing high promise in studies of animal models for cancer metastasis and stroke. The (R)-1 and (S)-1 enantiomers of compound 1 were each synthesized in this study and were shown to be equally active in inhibition of gelatinases.
The major constituent of the bacterial cell wall, peptidoglycan, is comprised of repeating units of N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM) with an appended peptide. Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the final stages of bacterial cell wall assembly. Two activities for PBPs are the cross-linking of the cell wall, carried out(More)