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Since the publication of the Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (TG07), diagnostic criteria and severity assessment criteria for acute cholangitis have been presented and extensively used as the primary standard all over the world. However, it has been found that there are crucial limitations in these criteria. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We present the clinical features and outcome of 34 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma older than 70 years of age who underwent hepatic resection (elderly-HCC). Nowadays, hepatic surgeons unavoidably have to perform hepatic resection on elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma due to increasing life expectancy. However, the outcome(More)
BACKGROUND The Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (TG07) were published in 2007 as the world's first guidelines for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. The diagnostic criteria and severity assessment of acute cholecystitis have since been widely used all over the world. A validation study of TG07 has shown that the(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with obstructive jaundice due to biliary tumor thrombi is uncommon, and few studies have examined the outcome of hepatectomy for HCC with this unusual entity. This study examined the clinicopathologic factors influencing the outcomes of 17 HCC patients with obstructive jaundice due to biliary tumor thrombi undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Two types of neoplastic lesions preceding invasive intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) are identified: a flat-type neoplastic lesion called 'biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN)' and an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPN-B). Multi-step carcinogenesis has been suggested in both lesions, although phenotypic changes(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the difficulties in preoperative diagnosis and controversies in the management, cecal diverticulitis has received much discussion in the literature. There, however, are still many questions that remain unanswered. METHODS During a 5-year period, 112 patients with a clinical diagnosis of cecal diverticulitis were treated. Twenty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND A bleeding pseudoaneurysm in patients with chronic pancreatitis is a rare and potentially lethal complication. Optimal treatment of bleeding peripancreatic pseudoaneurysm remains controversial. This study reports on experience at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) in managing of bleeding pseudoaneurysms associated with chronic pancreatitis. (More)
Breast metastases from extramammary malignancies are uncommon, constituting about 2 per cent of all breast tumors. Breast metastasis may be confused with primary benign or malignant neoplasm of the breast. An accurate diagnosis of breast metastasis is important because the treatment and outcome of primary and secondary malignancies of the breast are(More)
Because acute cholangitis sometimes rapidly progresses to a severe form accompanied by organ dysfunction, caused by the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and/or sepsis, prompt diagnosis and severity assessment are necessary for appropriate management, including intensive care with organ support and urgent biliary drainage in addition to medical(More)
BACKGROUND The Tokyo Guidelines for the management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were published in 2007 (TG07) and have been widely cited in the world literature. Because of new information that has been published since 2007, we organized the Tokyo Guidelines Revision Committee to conduct a multicenter analysis to develop the updated Tokyo(More)