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Bile acid concentrations are controlled by a feedback regulatory pathway whereby activation of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) represses transcription of both the CYP7A1 gene, encoding the rate-limiting enzyme in the classic bile acid synthesis pathway, and the CYP8B1 gene, required for synthesis of cholic acid. The tissue-specific roles of FXR were examined(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an age-related disease featuring progressive lung scarring. To elucidate the molecular basis of IPF, we performed exome sequencing of familial kindreds with pulmonary fibrosis. Gene burden analysis comparing 78 European cases and 2,816 controls implicated PARN, an exoribonuclease with no previous connection to telomere(More)
Liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1), an orphan nuclear receptor, is highly expressed in liver and intestine, where it is implicated in the regulation of cholesterol, bile acid, and steroid hormone homeostasis. Among the proposed LRH-1 target genes in liver are those encoding cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP8B1), which(More)
On the basis of the DNA–DNA hybridization patterns and phenotypic characteristics, Fusobacterium nucleatum was classified into five subspecies. Previous studies have suggested that F. nucleatum subsp. vincentii is genetically similar to F. nucleatum subsp. fusiforme. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of classifying these two(More)
The genus Peptoniphilus comprises butyrate-producing, nonsaccharolytic species that use peptone and amino acids as major energy sources. The novel Peptoniphilus sp. strain ChDC B134 (=KCOM 1628) was isolated from a human periapical abscess lesion. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of the strain.
We achieved exhaustive alanine scanning mutational analysis of the amino acid residues lining the ligand binding pocket of the Vitamin D receptor to investigate the mechanism of the ligand recognition by the receptor. This is the first exhaustive analysis in the nuclear receptor superfamily. Our results demonstrated the role and importance of all the(More)
—For any IT transformation with significant investment , economic analysis is essential for justifying the risks and expenditures. Much cost modeling has been done for various types of IT transformations, each looks into the unique aspects of the concerned domains. This paper takes a different direction and proposes a general methodology named UROI for(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an age-related disease featuring progressive lung scarring. To elucidate the molecular basis of IPF, we performed exome sequencing of familial pulmonary Users may view, print, copy, and download text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full(More)
Peptide YY (PYY) is a peptide hormone secreted from L cells in the intestine in response to food intake that regulates appetite and gastrointestinal function. PYY is also produced in the pancreatic islets. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a nuclear receptor for the active form of vitamin D3 that regulates numerous physiological processes. VDR is expressed in(More)
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