Mihoko Ladd

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Neonatal pain-related stress is associated with elevated salivary cortisol levels to age 18 months in children born very preterm, compared to full-term, suggesting early programming effects. Importantly, interactions between immune/inflammatory and neuroendocrine systems may underlie programming effects. We examined whether cortisol changes persist to(More)
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease and major risk factor for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection among preterm infants. The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in oxidative injury responses in the lungs. Two non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene have been associated with RSV(More)
The physiological stimulus for deprivation-enhanced ingestion was studied in developing rats. During an overnight deprivation period, continuous gastric infusions of isotonic saline or milk were made to 6- and 15-day-old rat pups in order to preferentially maintain hydrational or hydrational and nutritional status, respectively. Pups' ingestion was then(More)
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