Miho Kawaguchi

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OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to develop and validate a method to estimate left ventricular end-systolic elastance (E(es)) in humans from noninvasive single-beat parameters. BACKGROUND Left ventricular end-systolic elastance is a major determinant of cardiac systolic function and ventricular-arterial interaction. However, its use in heart failure(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HF-nlEF) is common in aged individuals with systolic hypertension and is frequently ascribed to diastolic dysfunction. We hypothesized that such patients also display combined ventricular-systolic and arterial stiffening that can exacerbate blood pressure lability and diastolic dysfunction under(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffening with increased pulse pressure is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the elderly. We tested whether ALT-711, a novel nonenzymatic breaker of advanced glycation end-product crosslinks, selectively improves arterial compliance and lowers pulse pressure in older individuals with vascular stiffening. METHODS AND(More)
Although application of the Edmonton protocol has markedly improved outcomes for pancreatic islet transplantation, the insulin independence rate after islet transplantation from one donor pancreas has proven to remain low. During the isolation process and subsequent clinical transplantation, islets are subjected to severe adverse conditions that impair(More)
Although several studies have suggested that insulin-secreting cells can be generated in vitro from cells residing in adult exocrine pancreas, neither the origin of these cells nor their precise insulin secretory properties was obtained. We show here that insulin-secreting cells can be derived from adult mouse pancreatic exocrine cells by suspension culture(More)
Insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells occurs by sequential cellular processes, including glucose metabolism, electrical activity, Ca2+ entry, and regulated exocytosis. Abnormalities in any of these functions can impair insulin secretion. In the present study, we demonstrate that inhibition of proteasome activity severely reduces insulin secretion in(More)
Rab3 is a subfamily of the small GTP-binding protein Rab family and plays an important role in exocytosis. Several potential effectors of Rab3, including rabphilin3 and Rims (Rim1 and Rim2), have been isolated and characterized. Noc2 was identified originally in endocrine pancreas as a molecule homologous to rabphilin3, but its role in exocytosis is(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to test a novel echocardiographic method based on contrast variability imaging (CVI), to quantify cardiac dyssynchrony and magnitude of resynchronization achieved by left ventricular (LV) and biventricular (BiV) pacing therapy. BACKGROUND Left ventricular or BiV pacing is a promising new therapy for patients with heart failure(More)
The process of cardiovascular complications in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is unclear. We investigated pathophysiological changes of the heart and vessels in the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat Type 2 DM model during a long time period. Echocardiography was carried out at 22 and 62 weeks of age of OLETF (n=10, each) and age-matched(More)
Reported is a case of a bone metastasis of a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A 61-year-old man with an unresectable HCC, which had been detected on spontaneous rupture, complained of a severe neck pain and numbness of both arms. A roentgenogram of the cervix showed destruction in the spinous process of the third cervical vertebra, and an MRI revealed a(More)