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In plants, as-1-type cis elements and their trans-acting factors confer tissue-specific and signal-responsive activities to the promoters of several glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes. Regulation of as-1 is widely thought to involve trans-acting factors that belong to a family of basic/leucine-zipper `TGA factors' that selectively bind this element. We(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the extent to which doctor-rating websites are known and used among a sample of respondents from London. To understand the main predictors of what makes people willing to use doctor-rating websites. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING The Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, London, England. PARTICIPANTS 200 individuals from(More)
This article reports on the case of a 63-year-old Jamaican man who presented with progressive dysphagia and dysphonia. CT was able to visualise several large anterior cervical osteophytes, which were protruding into soft tissue structures such as the pharynx and oesophagus. Surgical removal of C3-C6 was undertaken but severe damage to local structures had(More)
In 2010 all ECB publications feature a motif taken from the €500 banknote. 1 We would like to thank the Reserve Bank of India and the Gujarat Urban Cooperative Banking Federation for their help through the study. guidance. We would also like to thank for helpful comments and suggestions the editor and two anonymous referees, All errors are our(More)
Bank distress during the Great Depression had a significant negative impact on the level, quality and trajectory of firm-level innovation, particularly for R&D firms operating in capital intensive industries. However, because a sufficient number of R&D intensive firms were located in counties with lower levels of bank distress, or were operating in less(More)
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is an uncommon tumor of the urinary tract. We present a case of LELC involving the ureter of a 71-year-old male patient with gross hematuria. On biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with invasive poorly differentiated carcinoma, with a final diagnosis of LELC on subsequent nephroureterectomy. On resection, the neoplasm(More)
Traditional explanations for indirect trade through an entrepôt have focused on savings in transport costs and on the role of specialized agents in processing and distribution. We provide an alternative perspective based on the possibility that entrepôts may facilitate tariff evasion. Using data on direct exports to mainland China and indirect exports via(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To present recent advances in the field of lymph node dissection (LND) in the context of bladder cancer, upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma with focus on dissection extent. RECENT FINDINGS A recent Technetium-based lymph node mapping study has provided several observations to help guide the scientific(More)
Less-invasive interventions for upper tract urolithiasis are extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Each has advantages and disadvantages, depending on the location, size, and composition of the stone and on the patient's renal anatomy, body habitus, and comorbidities.
We study how cultural norms and enforcement policies influence illicit corporate activities. Using confidential Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audit data, we show that corporations with owners from countries with higher corruption norms evade more tax in the U.S. This effect is strong for small corporations and decreases as the size of the corporation(More)