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HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (Env), expressed at the cell surface, induce apoptosis of uninfected CD4+ T cells, contributing to the development of AIDS. Here we demonstrate that, independently of HIV replication, transfected or HIV-infected cells that express Env induced autophagy and accumulation of Beclin 1 in uninfected CD4+ T lymphocytes via CXCR4. The(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 can infect and replicate in both CD4 T cells and macrophages. In these cell types, HIV-1 entry is mediated by the binding of envelope glycoproteins (gp120 and gp41, Env) to the receptor CD4 and a coreceptor, principally CCR5 or CXCR4, depending on the viral strain (R5 or X4, respectively). Uninfected CD4 T cells undergo X4 Env-mediated(More)
Infection with HIV-1 leads to progressive CD4 T-cell death, resulting in AIDS development. The mechanisms that trigger this CD4 T-cell death are still not fully understood, but a lot of data indicates that apoptosis plays a major role in this cell demise. Both infected and uninfected CD4 T-cells can die during HIV-1 infection by different cell-death(More)
Cell-expressed HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (gp120 and gp41, called Env) induce autophagy in uninfected CD4 T cells, leading to their apoptosis, a mechanism most likely contributing to immunodeficiency. The presence of CD4 and CXCR4 on target cells is required for this process, but Env-induced autophagy is independent of CD4 signaling. Here we demonstrate(More)
HIV-1 envelope gp120 and gp41 glycoproteins (Env), expressed at the cell surface, induce uninfected CD4 T-cell death, but the molecular mechanisms leading to this demise are still largely unknown. To better understand these events, we analyzed by a proteomic approach the differential protein expression profile of two types of uninfected immune cells after(More)
The first step of HIV-1 infection is mediated by the binding of envelope glycoproteins (Env) to CD4 and two major coreceptors, CCR5 or CXCR4. The HIV-1 strains that use CCR5 are involved in primo-infection whereas those HIV-1 strains that use CXCR4 play a major role in the demise of CD4+ T lymphocytes and a rapid progression toward AIDS. Notably, binding of(More)
The Coronaviridae family, an enveloped RNA virus family, and, more particularly, human coronaviruses (HCoV), were historically known to be responsible for a large portion of common colds and other upper respiratory tract infections. HCoV are now known to be involved in more serious respiratory diseases, i.e. bronchitis, bronchiolitis or pneumonia,(More)
HIV-1 can infect and replicate in both CD4 T cells and macrophages, and direct cell-to-cell spread is an important route of HIV-1 propagation. It requires interaction between HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (Env, composed of gp120 and gp41), expressed at the surface of infected cells, and HIV-1 receptors, CD4 and a coreceptor, on the target cells. The gp120(More)
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