Miharu Maeda

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In humans, germline mutations of the WT-1 tumor suppressor gene are associated with both Wilms' tumors and urogenital malformations. To develop a model system for the molecular analysis of urogenital development, we introduced a mutation into the murine WT-1 tumor suppressor gene by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. The mutation resulted in embryonic(More)
Analysis of a developmental mutant in Dictyostelium discoideum which is unable to initiate morphogenesis has shown that a protein kinase of the MAP kinase/ERK family affects relay of the cAMP chemotactic signal and cell differentiation. Strains in which the locus encoding ERK2 is disrupted respond to a pulse of cAMP by synthesizing cGMP normally but show(More)
The chemoattractant cAMP, acting through serpentine cAMP receptors, results in a rapid and transient stimulation of the Dictyostelium mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK2 activity (). In this study we show that other pathways required for aggregation, including Ras and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), are important regulators of ERK2 activation and(More)
We have cloned a developmentally regulated mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) from Dictyostelium discoideum designated ERK1. Using anti-pTyr antibodies, we show that ERK1 is phosphorylated on tyrosine in vivo and that it will phosphorylate myelin basic protein. The gene expresses two transcripts, one that is(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are involved in controlling a cell's responses to a variety of stimuli and can be activated by both protein tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled receptors. It was shown previously that Dictyostelium MAP kinase ERK2 is required for normal activation of adenylyl cyclase and erk2 null cells are aggregation-deficient. In(More)
The Dictyostelium MAP kinase ERK2 is activated by extracellular cAMP in aggregation-competent cells and is required for receptor activation of adenylyl cyclase (Maeda, M., Aubry, L., Insall, R., Gaskins, C., Devreotes, P. N., and Firtel, R. A. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 3351-3354; Segall, J., Kuspa, A., Shaulsky, G., Ecke, M., Maeda, M., Gaskins, C.,(More)
Collagens synthesized within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are too large to fit in conventional COPII-coated transport vesicles; thus their export from the ER requires specialized factors. TANGO1 (L) is an integral membrane protein that binds to collagen and the coatomer of vesicles and is necessary for collagen secretion from the ER. Here we characterized(More)
Two independent functions of cTAGE5 have been reported in collagen VII export from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). cTAGE5 not only forms a cargo receptor complex with TANGO1, but it also acts as a scaffold to recruit Sec12, a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for Sar1 GTPase, to ER exit sites. However, the relationship between the two functions remains(More)
Mammalian endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites export a variety of cargo molecules including oversized cargoes such as collagens. However, the mechanisms of their assembly and organization are not fully understood. TANGO1L is characterized as a collagen receptor, but the function of TANGO1S remains to be investigated. Here, we show that direct interaction(More)
Autophagosomes are double-membrane vesicles generated during autophagy. Biogenesis of the autophagosome requires membrane acquisition from intracellular compartments, the mechanisms of which are unclear. We previously found that a relocation of COPII machinery to the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC) generates ERGIC-derived COPII vesicles which(More)