Mihail Hristov

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Apoptosis is a pivotal process in embryogenesis and postnatal cell homeostasis and involves the shedding of membranous microvesicles termed apoptotic bodies. In response to tissue damage, the CXC chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 counteract apoptosis and recruit progenitor cells. Here, we show that endothelial cell-derived apoptotic bodies are(More)
Postnatal bone marrow contains a subtype of progenitor cells that have the capacity to migrate to the peripheral circulation and to differentiate into mature endothelial cells. Therefore, these cells have been termed endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The isolation of EPCs by adherence culture or magnetic microbeads has been described. In general, EPCs(More)
Bone marrow and peripheral blood of adults contain a special sub-type of progenitor cells which are able to differentiate into mature endothelial cells, thus contributing to re-endothelialization and neo-vascularization. These angiogenic cells have properties of embryonal angioblasts and were termed endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). In general, three(More)
Immune mechanisms are known to control the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, the exact role of DCs, which are essential for priming of immune responses, remains elusive. We have shown here that the DC-derived chemokine CCL17 is present in advanced human and mouse atherosclerosis and that CCL17+ DCs accumulate in atherosclerotic lesions. In(More)
Bone marrow of adults contains a subtype of progenitor cells that have the capacity to differentiate into mature endothelial cells and have therefore been termed endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Of the three cell markers (CD133, CD34, and the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2) that characterize the early functional EPCs, located(More)
While statin treatment may transiently mobilize endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), the dose-dependent effects of a continuous statin therapy on EPCs in patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been analyzed. In 209 patients with angiographically documented CAD, 144 of which received 10-40 mg/day of statins for >8 weeks, the EPC number(More)
Endothelial dysfunction and inflammation of the arterial wall continuously drive the development of atherosclerosis. Details regarding the sequential involvement of different monocyte subsets in the pathology of this disease have recently emerged. This review concentrates on major monocyte subpopulations in mouse and men and specifically addresses their(More)
OBJECTIVES Novel stents loaded with an integrin-binding cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp peptide (cRGD) were analyzed for their potential to limit coronary neointima formation and to accelerate endothelialization by attracting endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). BACKGROUND Re-endothelialization is important for healing after arterial injury. METHODS Effects of cRGD(More)
We used a novel approach of cytostatically induced leucocyte depletion and subsequent reconstitution with leucocytes deprived of classical (inflammatory/Gr1(hi) ) or non-classical (resident/Gr1(lo) ) monocytes to dissect their differential role in atheroprogression under high-fat diet (HFD). Apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe(-/-) ) mice lacking classical but(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine that was recently identified as a non-cognate ligand of the CXC-family chemokine receptors 2 and 4 (CXCR2 and CXCR4). MIF is expressed and secreted from endothelial cells (ECs) following atherogenic stimulation, exhibits chemokine-like properties and promotes the recruitment(More)