Mihai Ovidiu Cojocaru

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The recently synthesized 18-C-steroid derivative, 19-nor-aldosterone(19-nor- aldo) and 18-hydroxy-19-nor-corticosterone(18-OH-19-nor-corticosterone) possess mineralocoroticoid and hypertensinogenic activity. They and an additional newly synthesized steriod, 18,19-dihydroxycorticosterone[18,19(OH)2-corticosterone], may play a role in the etiology and(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH)-III 10-11-diol is intrinsically synthesized and released from the corpora allata (CA) of adult locust females in vitro, together with JH-III. JH-III synthesis is preferentially stimulated and diol production only slightly enhanced, by cerebral locust allatotropin. The identification of JH-III diol is based on: similar ratio of(More)
19-Noraldosterone has been prepared for biological re-evaluation through an extension of a recent synthesis of 19-hydroxyaldosterone: 21-hydroxy-6 beta,19-epoxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dion-20-ethylene ketal-18,11 beta-lactone (1a) was acetylated and then reduced with zinc-acetic acid-isopropanol to the 19-ol 2b. Treatment with sodium acetate transposed the double(More)
The 3 beta, 5 alpha-, 3 alpha, 5 alpha- and 3 alpha, 5 beta-tetrahydro derivatives 19, 20 and 27 of 19-noraldosterone (1) were prepared to facilitate the search for these compounds in urine. The diketal 4, consisting of a 2:1 mixture of the 5,6- and 5(10)-ene isomers, was hydrogenated with Pd-C and partially hydrolyzed to 5 alpha, 10 alpha- and 5 alpha, 10(More)
The Ni-Cr and Co-Cr alloys used in dental practice were evaluated for in vitro corrosion resistance in different environments: artificial saliva and fluoridated artificial saliva with pH = 5.2, acidified artificial saliva and fluoridated acidified artificial saliva with pH = 2.5. The environments were chosen to mimic the oral environment with content and pH(More)
Several new 4,19-substituted steroids and previously synthesized corticosteroids were assayed for affinity to type 1 receptors in human mononuclear leukocytes. 11 beta,19-epoxy-4,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione (2) was hydrogenated with Pd-C to yield a mixture of all four dihydro derivatives 5, accompanied by 4,21-diacetoxy-11(More)
18,21-Anhydroaldosterone 8, 18,21-anhydro-19-noraldosterone 9, and 3 alpha, 5 beta-tetrahydro-18,21-anhydro-19-noraldosterone 13, which may be present in acid-processed urine, were prepared by cleaving their 20-ketal derivatives 2, 3, and 12 with hot mineral acid. Compounds 8 and 9 were also made by direct dehydration of aldosterone 5 and 19-noraldosterone(More)
A four-step synthesis of 18,19-dihydroxycorticosterone 5c, starting with 19,21-dihydroxy-3,20-dioxopregn-5-ene-18,11 beta-lactone-di-(ethylene ketal) 2, is presented. Reduction of 2 with sodium aluminum bis-(methoxyethoxy)hydride gave 11 beta,18,19,21-tetrahydroxy-pregn-5-ene-3,20-dione-di-(ethylene ketal) 3a. Acetylation furnished the corresponding(More)
The samples of normal and uremic sera were ultrafiltered, separated on SEP-PAK C18 cartridges and subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The serum material extracted from the slab gel was purified from SDS and further fractionated by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The obtained(More)
The compounds named in the title have been synthesized from the di-(ethylene ketal) of 21-hydroxy-3,20-dioxo-19-norpregn-5-ene-18, 11 beta-lactone and its 5(10)-ene isomer. Reduction of this mixture 1 with sodium aluminum bis-(methoxyethoxy)hydride furnished the 11 beta, 18, 21-triol 2a. Conversion to the 18,21-diacetate 2b, followed by deketalization to(More)