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AIM To assess whether acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography can differentiate normal from pathological thyroid parenchyma. METHODS We evaluated 136 subjects (mean age 45.8 ± 15.6 years, 106 women and 30 men): 44 (32.3%) without thyroid pathology, 48 (35.3%) with Basedow-Graves' disease (GD), 37 (27.2%) with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis(More)
To evaluate and compare the values of the elasticity index as measured by shear wave elastography in healthy subjects and in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease, in order to establish if this investigation can predict the occurrence of autoimmune thyroid disease. A total of 104 cases were included in the study group: 91 women (87.5 %), out of which 52(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the disease. OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to characterize the trend of the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in Romanian children aged from 0 to 17 years over a 10-year interval. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Data regarding new cases were obtained from(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the presence and severity of neuropathy and depression on the patient's adherence to diabetes-related self-care activities (DRSCA) in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS In this cross-sectional, noninterventional study, 198 patients with T2DM were(More)
AIMS Detection of podocytes in the urine of patients with type 2 diabetes may indicate severe injury to the podocytes. In the course of type 2 diabetes the proximal tubule is involved in urinary albumin processing. We studied the significance of podocyturia in relation with proximal tubule dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. METHODS A total of 86 patients(More)
CONTEXT The neural cell adhesion molecule CD56 is an antigen important for the differentiation of the follicular epithelium. Recent studies have reported low or absent expression of CD56 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its presence in normal thyroid tissue, benign thyroid lesions, and most follicular non-PTC tumors. AIM We wish to estimate the(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND The coexistence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was reported with a heterogeneous incidence. The wide distribution of this association may be related to differences in the level of morphological examination, autoimmunity used criteria, patient selection, surgical indication, genetic(More)
INTRODUCTION Thyroid follicular adenomas (FA) and adenomatous thyroid nodules (AN) - lesions that are frequently found in areas with iodine deficiency, can be normo-/hypofunctioning (scintigraphically cold - SCN) or hyperfunctioning (scintigraphically hot - SHN) nodules. AIM Evaluation of proliferation potential in thyroid nodules on tissue samples(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare form of malignancy, having an intermediate prognosis. Controversies exist regarding the best surgical approach. The aim of the study was to analyze the outcome in a group of patients with MTC, diagnosed and followed up in a single care center. We performed a retrospective analysis of all the patients diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) is the most common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the most common form of peripheral neuropathy. DSPN increases the risk of foot ulceration up to seven-fold, and is a significant risk factor in more than 60 % of the amputations of the lower limbs in patients with T2DM. The aims of our(More)