Mihaela M. Mocanu

Learn More
Brief intermittent episodes of ischemia and reperfusion, at the onset of reperfusion after a prolonged period of ischemia, confer cardioprotection, a phenomenon termed "ischemic postconditioning" (Postcond). We hypothesized that this phenomenon may just represent a modified form of reperfusion that activates the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK)(More)
Pharmacological activation of the prosurvival kinases Akt and ERK-1/2 at reperfusion, after a period of lethal ischemia, protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart by phosphorylating the prosurvival kinases Akt and ERK-1/2 at reperfusion. In isolated perfused Sprague-Dawley(More)
Conflicting evidence exists whether diabetic myocardium can be protected by ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway is important in IPC. However, components of this cascade have been found to be defective in diabetes. We hypothesize that IPC in diabetic hearts depends on intact signaling through the PI3K-Akt(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), a gut incretin hormone that stimulates insulin secretion, also activates antiapoptotic signaling pathways such as phosphoinositide 3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase in pancreatic and insulinoma cells. Since these kinases have been shown to protect against myocardial injury, we hypothesized that GLP-1 could(More)
The present study investigated whether protein kinase C (PKC) plays a role in ischemic preconditioning in the rat heart. Chelerythrine, a specific antagonist of PKC, and 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG), a diacylglycerol analogue and specific antagonist of PKC, were used to determine whether preconditioning could be blocked or triggered, respectively.(More)
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Novel cardioprotective strategies are therefore required to improve clinical outcomes in patients with IHD. Although a large number of novel cardioprotective strategies have been discovered in the research laboratory, their translation to the clinical setting has been largely(More)
Ischemic preconditioning results in an immediate phase of protection against lethal ischemia/reperfusion injury that is comprised of both irreversible necrosis and programmed cell death, apoptosis. We hypothesized that preconditioning may activate putative anti-apoptotic pathways, through the induction of either phosphatidyl inositol 3-OH kinase (PI3(More)
A number of recent studies have identified potential beneficial effects for Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1), a potent gut incretin hormone with notable cell regulatory and anti-apoptotic actions predominantly in the pancreas [1]. However, recent studies have not only identified receptors for GLP-1 in the myocardium [2] but also demonstrated its beneficial(More)
There is debate concerning the involvement of p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the mediation of ischaemic preconditioning. Pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK with SB203580 has been reported to block preconditioning in some studies but not in others. We hypothesised that this divergence could be due to differences in the timing of inhibitor(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to ascertain whether chronic oral therapy with atorvastatin protects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. BACKGROUND We have recently shown that acute atorvastatin treatment protects against reperfusion-induced injury by activating the PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway. However, many patients are on chronic statin therapy, and it is(More)