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Excised roots of wild-type and nitrate-reductase deficient mutant Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) HEYNH. can be propagated as sustained root cultures in liquid medium. Culture initiation from a single seedling required a two-day indoleacetic acid treatment at 0.05 mg/l concentration. Indoleacetic acid facilitated subculture but was not essential for sustained(More)
A pea vicilin promoter-diphtheria toxin A (DTx-A) chain gene fusion was introduced into Arabidopsis and tobacco. The chimeric Dtx-A gene behaves as a dominant, seed-lethal, Mendelian factor, and the segregation ratios are consistent with the numbers of integrated copies as revealed by Southern blotting. Germination deficiency results from distinct(More)
When Agrobacterium was used to transform Nicotiana plumbaginifolia protoplasts and Arabidopsis thaliana roots and seedlings, a large number of plants were found in which not only the T-region defined by the border repeat sequences but the entire binary vector was integrated, as determined by both PCR and Southern analysis techniques. N. plumbaginifolia(More)
Transformation frequencies were determined for 1n, 2n, and 4n Nicotiana plumbaginifolia protoplast cultures in Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer experiments. An unexpected large drop (50%) in plating efficiencies was observed in the non-selected (control) 1n populations after transformation treatment with virulent strains. This effect was not observed in(More)
Perennial monoculture forming grasses are very important natural remediators of pollutants. Their genetic improvement is an important task because introduction of key transgenes can dramatically improve their remediation potential. Transfer of key genes for mercury phytoremediation into the salt marsh cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is reported here. S.(More)
Silver nitrate effectively promoted shoot regeneration in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) callus cultures derived from immature embryos. This effect could be observed in both weakly and strongly regenerating cultivars, and in using material from both field and greenhouse grown plants. The role of silver ions as an inhibitor of ethylene action was supported by(More)
The human herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase type 1 gene (HSVtk) acts as a conditional lethal marker in mammalian cells. The HSVtk-encoded enzyme is able to phosphorylate certain nucleoside analogs (e.g. ganciclovir, an antiherpetic drug), thus converting them to toxic DNA replication inhibitors. The utility of HSVtk as a conditional negative-selection(More)
The genus Dalbergia contains many valuable timber species threatened by illegal logging and deforestation, but knowledge on distributions and threats is often limited and accurate species identification difficult. The aim of this study was to apply DNA barcoding methods to support conservation efforts of Dalbergia species in Indochina. We used the(More)
Wetland grasses and grass-like monocots are very important natural remediators of pollutants. Their genetic improvement is an important task because introduction of key transgenes can dramatically improve their remediation potential. Tissue culture is prerequisite for genetic manipulation, and methods are reported here for in vitro culture and(More)
In recent years, giant reed (Arundo donax L) has received considerable attention as a promising plant for energy production. Giant reed is able to grow in a range of environments, including wetlands and marginal soils, and has shown promise in phytoremediation efforts. A pot experiment was carried out to investigate the ability of giant reed to restore(More)