Miguel da Guia Albuquerque

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) is a diagnostic and surveillance marker for HCC mainly used in Asia, and has also been shown to be a predictor of microvascular invasion (MVI), a major prognostic factor in HCC. However, experience with PIVKA-II in Europe remains limited. METHODS In a French cohort, we conducted a(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the potential value of magnetic resonance (MR) elastography and diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging in the detection of microstructural changes of murine colon tumors during growth and antivascular treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the regional ethics committee for animal care. Sixty Balb-C mice, bearing(More)
MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) is a powerful tool for comprehending the spectrum of peptides/proteins expressed in tissue sections. The aim of the present study was to investigate, using MALDI IMS, the proteome of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and to compare it with peritumoral cirrhosis so as to characterize new biomarkers of HCC. Frozen(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is the second most common primary malignancy of the liver. Although all CC derive from biliary epithelial cells, two main subtypes, hilar (H), and peripheral (P) CC are described. The objective of the study was to compare, using MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS), in situ proteomic profiles of H- and P-CC in order to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic liver diseases, including cirrhosis, may develop in obese patients. Steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are risk factors for progression to fibrosis. To date, diagnosis of steatosis and NASH relies on liver biopsy. The aim of the study was to identify serum markers of steatosis and NASH in obese patients using SELDI-TOF(More)
BACKGROUND While outcome continuously improves after liver transplantation, sepsis remains the leading cause of early postoperative mortality. Diagnosis of infections remains particularly difficult in these patients. This study used plasma profiling coupling Proteinchip array with surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time-of-fly mass spectrometry to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess in a high-resolution model of thin liver rat slices which viscoelastic parameter at three-dimensional multifrequency MR elastography has the best diagnostic performance for quantifying liver fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the ethics committee for animal care of our institution. Eight normal rats and 42 rats(More)
Galunisertib (LY2157299) is a selective ATP-mimetic inhibitor of TGF-β receptor (TβR)-I activation currently under clinical investigation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Our study explored the effects of galunisertib in vitro in HCC cell lines and ex vivo on patient samples. Galunisertib was evaluated in HepG2, Hep3B, Huh7, JHH6 and SK-HEP1(More)
UNLABELLED Pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) are involved in fibrogenesis and oncogenesis by modulating the extracellular matrix. AIM To evaluate the effect of cellular stress on PSC activation using a model of normal human pancreatic tissue slices culture preserving the microenvironment. METHODS Thin sections (300 μm) of normal human pancreas were(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (MS) is an emerging risk factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC related to MS may occur either in advanced fibrosis or before the development of cirrhosis, suggesting involvement of different molecular pathways according to the features of background liver. OBJECTIVE To investigate genomic aberrations in HCC related to(More)