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Nonspherical particles or molecules experience an ordering effect in the presence of obstacles due to the restrictions they place on the orientation of those molecules that are in their proximity. Obstacles may be the limits of a membrane in which the molecule is embedded, oriented mesoscopic systems such as bicelles, or membrane fragments used to induce(More)
Computer-assisted drug design (CADD) is a valuable approach for the discovery of new chemical entities in the field of cancer therapy. There is a pressing need to design and develop new, selective, and safe drugs for the treatment of multidrug resistance (MDR) cancer forms, specifically active against P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Recently, a crystallographic(More)
The acquisition of drug-resistant mutations by infectious pathogens remains a pressing health concern, and the development of strategies to combat this threat is a priority. Here we have applied a general strategy, inverse design using the substrate envelope, to develop inhibitors of HIV-1 protease. Structure-based computation was used to design inhibitors(More)
Naturally occurring xanthones have been documented as having antitumor properties, with some of them presently undergoing clinical trials. In an attempt to improve the biological activities of dihydroxyxanthones, prenylation and other molecular modifications were performed. All the compounds reduced viable cell number in a leukemia cell line K-562, with the(More)
Crystallographic data show that various substrates of HIV protease occupy a remarkably uniform region within the binding site; this region has been termed the substrate envelope. It has been suggested that an inhibitor that fits within the substrate envelope should tend to evade viral resistance because a protease mutation that reduces the affinity of the(More)
There is a clinical need for HIV protease inhibitors that can evade resistance mutations. One possible approach to designing such inhibitors relies upon the crystallographic observation that the substrates of HIV protease occupy a rather constant region within the binding site. In particular, it has been hypothesized that inhibitors which lie within this(More)
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
Hydrodynamic properties (translational diffusion, sedimentation coefficients and correlation times) of short B-DNA oligonucleotides are calculated from the atomic-level structure using a bead modeling procedure in which each non-hydrogen atom is represented by a bead. Using available experimental data of hydrodynamic properties for several oligonucleotides,(More)
We have developed a Brownian dynamics simulation algorithm to generate Brownian trajectories of an isolated, rigid particle of arbitrary shape in the presence of electric fields or any other external agents. Starting from the generalized diffusion tensor, which can be calculated with the existing HYDRO software, the new program BROWNRIG (including a(More)
The in-depth molar distribution function of fluorophores is revealed by a new methodology for fluorescence quenching data analysis in membranes. Brownian dynamics simulation was used to study the in-depth location profile of quenchers. A Lorentzian profile was reached. Since the Stern-Volmer equation is valid at every depth in the membrane for low quencher(More)