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The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
Naturally occurring xanthones have been documented as having antitumor properties, with some of them presently undergoing clinical trials. In an attempt to improve the biological activities of dihydroxyxanthones, prenylation and other molecular modifications were performed. All the compounds reduced viable cell number in a leukemia cell line K-562, with the(More)
Hydrodynamic properties (translational diffusion, sedimentation coefficients and correlation times) of short B-DNA oligonucleotides are calculated from the atomic-level structure using a bead modeling procedure in which each non-hydrogen atom is represented by a bead. Using available experimental data of hydrodynamic properties for several oligonucleotides,(More)
We have developed a Brownian dynamics simulation algorithm to generate Brownian trajectories of an isolated, rigid particle of arbitrary shape in the presence of electric fields or any other external agents. Starting from the generalized diffusion tensor, which can be calculated with the existing HYDRO software, the new program BROWNRIG (including a(More)
Nonspherical particles or molecules experience an ordering effect in the presence of obstacles due to the restrictions they place on the orientation of those molecules that are in their proximity. Obstacles may be the limits of a membrane in which the molecule is embedded, oriented mesoscopic systems such as bicelles, or membrane fragments used to induce(More)
The in-depth molar distribution function of fluorophores is revealed by a new methodology for fluorescence quenching data analysis in membranes. Brownian dynamics simulation was used to study the in-depth location profile of quenchers. A Lorentzian profile was reached. Since the Stern-Volmer equation is valid at every depth in the membrane for low quencher(More)
A Brownian dynamics (BD) simulation of two unsaturated molecules, oleic and docosahexaenoic acid, in an environment that reproduces a cellular membrane, is presented. The results of the simulations, performed using mean-field potentials, were calibrated with experimental results obtained for oleic acid in a cellular membrane. The agreement between(More)
The acquisition of drug-resistant mutations by infectious pathogens remains a pressing health concern, and the development of strategies to combat this threat is a priority. Here we have applied a general strategy, inverse design using the substrate envelope, to develop inhibitors of HIV-1 protease. Structure-based computation was used to design inhibitors(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the best characterized transporters responsible for the multidrug resistance phenotype exhibited by cancer cells. Therefore, there is widespread interest in elucidating whether existing drugs are candidate P-gp substrates or inhibitors. With this aim, a pharmacophore model was created based on known P-gp inhibitors and it was(More)
For many pathologies, there is a crescent effort to design multiple ligands that interact with a wide variety of targets. 1-Aminated thioxanthone derivatives were synthesized and assayed for their in vitro dual activity as antitumor agents and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors. The approach was based on molecular hybridization of a thioxanthone scaffold,(More)