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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Since 1993 the demographic, clinical, analytical, genetic and follow-up data of Spanish patients with Gaucher's disease (GD) have been collected in an anonymous national database. Some statistical analyses of these data are reported concerning the distribution, clinical and genetic characteristics of GD in Spain and the response to(More)
The scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is a lipoprotein receptor that has been shown to be important in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) metabolism in mice. To determine its role in humans, we have characterized the human SR-BI gene and investigated its genetic variation in 489 white men and women. Five variants were demonstrated: 2 in(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is an inherited neurovisceral lysosomal lipid storage disease characterized by progressive neurological deterioration. Different clinical forms have been defined based on patient age at onset: perinatal, early-infantile (EI), late-infantile (Li), juvenile and adult. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of miglustat(More)
We used the single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) method to investigate 13 apparently unrelated Spanish patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) for mutations in the promoter region and the 18 exons and their flanking intron sequences of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene. We found 16 aberrant SSCP patterns, and the underlying(More)
In a prospective, open-label study, 25 patients with mild-to-moderate type 1 Gaucher's disease (GD1) were treated with miglustat (Zavesca), an oral glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor, over 12 months. Of the 25 patients, 10 were therapy-naïve and 15 had previously received enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Clinical status, blood parameters, biomarkers, and(More)
There are few published data from real-world clinical experience with miglustat (Zavesca), an oral inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase, in type 1 Gaucher disease. We report data from a prospective, open-label investigational study that evaluated substrate reduction therapy with miglustat 100 mg t.i.d. as a maintenance therapy in patients with Type 1(More)
Autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH), one of the most frequent hereditary disorders, is characterized by an isolated elevation of LDL particles that leads to premature mortality from cardiovascular complications. It is generally assumed that mutations in the LDLR and APOB genes account for ADH. We identified one large French pedigree (HC2) and 12(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the significance of tendon xanthomas (TX) in heterozygous subjects with familial hypercholesterolemia (hFH). METHODS AND RESULTS 951 men and women with genetic diagnosis of hFH were studied, of whom 278 (29.2%) presented TX. TX frequency increased with age from 6.9% in subjects 20 to 30 years to 38.3% at 51 to 60 years, with a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Chitinases are enzymes that hydolyze chitin and have been found in a wide variety of nonvertebrate species; recently an human analogue of chitinases, chitotriosidase (CT) has been identified. Extreme elevations of plasma CT activity are observed in patients with Gaucher disease (GD), being Gaucher cells the source of the CT. It has(More)
Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa may be involved in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction as the key element in platelet aggregation and as the binding site of lipoprotein(a) to platelets, inhibiting plasminogen binding and activation. Recently, a strong association between the P1A2 polymorphism of the glycoprotein IIIa gene and acute coronary thrombosis(More)