Miguel Otero

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In the context of OA disease, NF-kappaB transcription factors can be triggered by a host of stress-related stimuli including pro-inflammatory cytokines, excessive mechanical stress and ECM degradation products. Activated NF-kappaB regulates the expression of many cytokines and chemokines, adhesion molecules, inflammatory mediators, and several matrix(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review focuses on the novel stress-induced and proinflammatory mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis, with particular attention to the role of synovitis and the contributions of other joint tissues to cellular events that lead to the onset and progression of the disease and irreversible cartilage damage. RECENT(More)
Leptin is 16 kDa adipokine that links nutritional status with neuroendocrine and immune functions. Initially thought to be a satiety factor that regulates body weight by inhibiting food intake and stimulating energy expenditure, leptin is a pleiotropic hormone whose multiple effects include regulation of endocrine function, reproduction, and immunity.(More)
Human cartilage is a complex tissue of matrix proteins that vary in amount and orientation from superficial to deep layers and from loaded to unloaded zones. A major challenge to efforts to repair cartilage by stem cell-based and other tissue engineering strategies is the inability of the resident chondrocytes to lay down new matrix with the same structural(More)
GADD45beta (growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible) interacts with upstream regulators of the JNK and p38 stress response kinases. Previously, we reported that the hypertrophic zone of the Gadd45beta(-/-) mouse embryonic growth plate is compressed, and expression of type X collagen (Col10a1) and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (Mmp13) genes is decreased.(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of leptin, alone or in combination with IL-1, on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) type II activity in vitro in human primary chondrocytes, in the mouse chondrogenic ATDC5 cell line, and in mature and hypertrophic ATDC5 differentiated chondrocytes. For completeness, we also investigated the(More)
UTP activates P2Y2 receptors in both 1321N1 cell transfectants expressing the P2Y2 receptor and human HT-29 epithelial cells expressing endogenous P2Y2 receptors with an EC50 of 0.2- 1.0 μM. Pretreatment of these cells with UTP diminished the effectiveness of a second dose of UTP (the IC50 for UTP-induced receptor desensitization was 0.3 - 1.0 μM for both(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Caesalpinia sappan is a common remedy in Traditional Chinese Medicine and possesses diverse biological activities including anti-inflammatory properties. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease with an inflammatory component that drives the degradation of cartilage extracellular matrix. In order to provide a(More)
Initially described as a satiety factor with neuroendocrine properties, leptin has been shown to regulate immune and inflammatory processes. Mainly produced by white adipose tissue, this hormone was first known to regulate energy homeostasis by inhibiting food intake and by upregulating energy consumption. Leptin is a dual molecule: apart from its actions(More)
OBJECTIVE Wnt-1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 (WISP-3)/CCN6 is mutated in progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia and may have effects on cartilage homeostasis. The aim of this study was to ascertain additional roles for WISP-3/CCN6 by determining its expression in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage and by investigating its effects on cartilage-relevant(More)