Miguel Oliveira e Castro

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PURPOSE To present the results of a retrospective comparative unicentric institutional study of the incidence of postcataract surgery endophthalmitis before and after the introduction of the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (ESCRS) protocol in 2007 in our department. METHODS This study included 15,689 eyes of patients undergoing(More)
Presently, there are a number of available rodent models used to represent both the pre-diabetic or insulin-resistant disease (Aleixandre de Artinano and Miguel Castro, 2009; Kennedy et al., 2010) and hyperglycemic conditions associated with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (Islam and Loots, 2009). These animal models are important because(More)
Gorlin's syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder, mainly characterized by the presence of multiple and early-onset basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts and palmoplantar pits. We describe the case of a patient with clinical and imaging features of Gorlin syndrome, and highlight the role of dermoscopy in the early detection of basal cell(More)
Pylephlebitis is defined as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein. It is a rare but serious complication of an intraabdominal infection, more commonly diverticulitis and appendicitis. It has an unspecific clinical presentation and the diagnosis is difficult. The authors report a case of a 21-year-old man with acute appendicitis complicated by(More)
Acute compartment syndrome is most commonly caused by trauma. Although it has been well described in adults, few have addressed this condition in the pediatric patient. The most common causes of acute compartment syndrome of the foot in children are crush syndromes with or without fractures. We present the case of an 8-year-old girl who had a congenital(More)
Erdheim-Chester disease is an infiltrative form of histiocytosis characterized by replacement of normal tissues by lipid-laden histiocytes. The disease typically infiltrates the medullary portion of the diaphysis and metaphysis of long bones, producing a characteristic radiological pattern dominated by bone sclerosis. It usually affects adults of 40 years(More)
To determine the reference intervals (RefInt) of the quantitative morphometric parameters of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in asymptomatic hips with computed tomography (CT) and determine their dependence on age, side, limb dominance and sex. We prospectively included 590 patients and evaluated 1111 hips with semi-automated CT analysis. We calculated(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to clarify the ligamentous anatomy of the Lisfranc joint complex and show the diagnostic capability of MRI in the assessment of the Lisfranc joint complex with detailed anatomic correlation in cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten fresh cadaveric feet were studied with high-spatial-resolution MRI before and after the(More)
BACKGROUND Mediterranean spotted fever is a zoonosis endemic in the Mediterranean region. The microorganism Rickettsia conorii is responsible for the disease due to its angiotropism for endothelial cells. It produces host cell necrosis, thrombosis, and organ dysfunction. Ophthalmologic manifestations are rare. FINDINGS The authors describe the case of a(More)