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The toxicokinetics of deltamethrin and its metabolite 4'-HO-deltamethrin after single doses of 26 mg of deltamethrin/kg (oral) or 1.2 mg of deltamethrin/kg (intravenous) were studied in male Wistar rats. Serial blood samples were obtained after oral and intravenous administration. Brain, vas deferens, and anococcygeus tissue samples were also obtained after(More)
Neuropathic pain is a prevalent and difficult problem in the setting of spinal cord injury (SCI). The use of cellular transplant therapy to treat this pain has been successful with the use of a human neuronal cell line, hNT2.17 [M.J. Eaton, S.Q. Wolfe, M.A. Martinez, M. Hernandez, C. Furst, J. Huang, B.R. Frydel, O. Gomez-Marin, Subarachnoid transplant of a(More)
Social defeat is an important event in the life of many animals, and forms part of the process of social control. Adapting to social defeat is thus an intrinsic part of social "homeostasis", and mal-adaptation may have pathological sequelae. Experimental models of social defeat (e.g. inter-male aggression) have existed for many years. However, very few(More)
To investigate whether neuropathic pain is sensitive to spinal GABA levels, GABA was injected intrathecally after nerve injury and sensory behaviors were evaluated. Both thermal and tactile hypersensitivities were permanently reversed at the highest doses of GABA. However, if GABA was injected any later than 2-3 weeks after nerve injury, it was ineffective(More)
Chronic delivery of anti-nociceptive molecules by means of cell grafts near the pain processing centers of the spinal cord is a newly developing technique for the treatment of neuropathic pain. The rat neuronal cell line, RN33B, derived from E13 rat brainstem raphe and immortalized with the SV40 temperature-sensitive allele of large T antigen (tsTag), was(More)
The effects in male rats of serotonin depletion (using the neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine) on the cross-sensitization of an acute social stress (defeat by a larger resident male) by previous repeated restraint stress (10 days, 60 min per day) was studied. Previous restraint increased freezing responses during social defeat in sham-operated rats, but(More)
Cultures of embryonic day 17 (E17) rat adrenal and neonatal bovine adrenal cells were conditionally immortalized with the temperature-sensitive allele of SV40 large T antigen (tsTag) and chromaffin cell lines established. Indicative of the adrenal chromaffin phenotype, these cells expressed immunoreactivity (ir) for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the first(More)
Pharmacological treatment for neuropathic pain, although often effective for brief periods, can result in intractable persistent pain with certain patients. Cell therapy for neuropathic pain is a newly developing technology useful for an examination of enhanced normal sensory function after nerve injury with the placement of cells near the spinal cord, and(More)
The use of cell lines utilized as biologic "minipumps" to provide antinociceptive molecules, such as GABA, in animal models of pain is a newly developing area in transplantation biology. The neuronal cell line, RN33B, derived from E13 brain stem raphe and immortalized with the SV40 temperature-sensitive allele of large T antigen (tsTag), was transfected(More)
In this study, the effect of the exposure of male mice to sensory stimuli from rats was assessed on both sucrose intake and the elevated plus-maze tests. CDl male mice were trained in the sucrose intake task (the prestress phase) and, subsequently, distributed into two groups. The stressed group was accommodated in the same room as rats and the control(More)