Miguel Leão

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We describe a woman with right hemifacial atrophy, a high palate, partial left motor seizures, and mild atrophy of the left arm. CT scan showed asymmetrical lateral ventricles and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) showed atrophy of the right cerebral hemisphere and agenesis of the head of the right caudate nucleus. To our knowledge, this is the first report(More)
We describe a girl with Alagille syndrome and a moyamoya angiographic pattern on magnetic resonance angiography. She was referred for genetic consultation because of posterior embryotoxon and peripheral pulmonary stenosis. Her facial appearance was typical, but she had no cholestasis or vertebral involvement. A heterozygous duplication of one nucleotide (a(More)
The syndrome of transient headache and neurologic deficits associated with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) is characterized by 1 or more episodes of severe headache, transient neurologic deficits, and lymphocytic pleocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid. It is a benign and self limited disorder seldom reported in pediatric age. We report the case of(More)
The authors describe 2 patients with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy caused by 2 novel mutations involving the STXBP1 gene. The authors suggest that in spite of the rarity of STXBP1 mutations, molecular analysis of STXBP1 gene should be performed in patients with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy, after exclusion of ARX mutations in male(More)
Loss of function of GPR56 causes a specific brain malformation called the bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria (BFPP), which has typical clinical and neuroradiological findings. So far, 35 families and 26 independent mutations have been described.We present a Portuguese 5-year-old boy, born from nonconsanguineous parents, with BFPP. This patient has a(More)
Mutations in the ALS2 gene cause three distinct disorders: infantile ascending hereditary spastic paraplegia, juvenile primary lateral sclerosis, and autosomal recessive juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We present a review of the literature and the case of a 16-year-old boy who is, to the best of our knowledge, the first Portuguese case with(More)
Clinodactilia e sindactilia – pistas diagnósticas da síndrome de Andersen-Tawil A 38-year-old man was diagnosed, at the age of 18, with SCN4A-negative hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis. The diagnosis remained unchanged until his 8-year-old daughter suffered an exercise-induced syncope. Her EKG showed a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Patient's hands and(More)
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