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Mitochondrial DNA content varies considerably in oocytes, even when collected from the same patient. In the present study, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of 113 unfertilized oocytes obtained from 43 patients revealed an average of 193,000 (range: 20,000 to 598,000) mitochondrial genomes per cell. We compared several groups of(More)
Although the association between smoking and female infertility is now largely demonstrated, the proportion of smokers in women of reproductive age remains important. Tobacco contains numerous toxicants that could affect ovarian reserve and lead to poor prognosis in assisted reproductive techniques. To investigate the effect of female active smoking on(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) anomalies in sperm may lead to infertility. Point mutations, deletions and the presence of a specific mtDNA haplogroup have been associated with poor sperm quality, but little attention has been paid to the role of mtDNA content. METHODS Using density gradient separation and swim-up(More)
The macromolecular composition of zona pellucida (ZP) isolated from human oocytes and embryos was characterized by one- and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1-D- and 2-D-SDS-PAGE) under reducing conditions after silver staining. ZP specimens obtained after in vitro fertilization were removed from pools of heavily(More)
The oligosaccharide moiety of human, porcine and bovine zonae pellucidae was studied with lectins and monoclonal antibodies specific for tri- or tetra-saccharidic epitopes containing at least one terminal alpha-L-fucose. Animal eggs were collected from follicular aspirates, human eggs were collected from in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer programmes(More)
BACKGROUND Embryo transfer, a crucial step for achieving pregnancy after in vitro fertilization, is an operator-dependent technique but the number of procedures required for a trainee to reach proficiency is unknown. We set out to evaluate the learning curve (LC) of embryo transfer using a specifically designed statistical tool. METHODS The first embryo(More)
BACKGROUND Blastocyst culture and elective single embryo transfer programmes are increasingly used to reduce multiple pregnancies after IVF. To optimize the results, there is a need to better select embryos, to implement efficient cryopreservation programmes and to refine selection criteria. In the present study, we set out to identify relevant clinical(More)
Among all the strategies available in order to improve success rates in IVF cycles, a lot of work has been done on embryo culture conditions and embryo quality evaluation. Most IVF centres use conventional incubators and select embryo according to punctual morphological evaluation, but this strategy has several limitations. Recently developed commercial(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the potential of CASA parameters in frozen-thawed donor semen before and after preparation on silica gradient as predictors of pregnancy in IUI with donor semen cycles. STUDY DESIGN CASA parameters were measured in thawed donor semen before and after preparation on a silica gradient in 132 couples undergoing 168 IUI cycles with donor(More)