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UNLABELLED Interleukin-4 mediates important proinflammatory functions in asthma, including induction of the IgE isotype switch, expression of VCAM-1 on endothelium, mucin production, 15-lipoxygenase activity, and Th2 lymphocyte stimulation leading to the secondary synthesis of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Soluble recombinant human IL-4 receptor (IL-4R; Nuvance;(More)
Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) is a surrogate marker of airway inflammation in asthma. In 12 children aged 6-11 years with mild to moderate persistent asthma, ENO concentrations were measured before and after 4 weeks of treatment with montelukast sodium, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, and 2 weeks after withdrawal of therapy. Baseline ENO levels (mean and(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is characterized as a chronic inflammatory process; however, there is no easily measured marker for airway inflammation. Such a marker, particularly in children, would be very helpful in the management of asthma even in the acute setting. OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to determine whether asthmatic children have (1) elevation(More)
The hypotheses tested in this study were that during acute asthma exacerbations (1) exhaled nitric oxide concentrations [eNO] are a more sensitive, noninvasive indicator of asthma disease activity than serum markers of inflammation such as eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) or soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2R), and (2) elevated [eNO] are reduced after(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis is commonly treated with antihistamines. Monitoring improvement of airway inflammation noninvasively using nasal nitric oxide (nNO) would be clinically useful. To determine the anti-inflammatory effect of oral levocetirizine dihydrochloride (LC), we measured nNO and nasal eosinophils (nEos) in perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) is a noninvasive marker of ongoing inflammation in asthmatic patients. Comparison between inhaled and oral anti-inflammatory medications in reduction of ENO in asthmatic patients has not been performed. OBJECTIVE We measured changes in ENO, spirometry, need for rescue medication, quality of life (QOL), and diary(More)