Miguel J Lanz

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UNLABELLED Interleukin-4 mediates important proinflammatory functions in asthma, including induction of the IgE isotype switch, expression of VCAM-1 on endothelium, mucin production, 15-lipoxygenase activity, and Th2 lymphocyte stimulation leading to the secondary synthesis of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Soluble recombinant human IL-4 receptor (IL-4R; Nuvance;(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is characterized as a chronic inflammatory process; however, there is no easily measured marker for airway inflammation. Such a marker, particularly in children, would be very helpful in the management of asthma even in the acute setting. OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to determine whether asthmatic children have (1) elevation(More)
Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) is a surrogate marker of airway inflammation in asthma. In 12 children aged 6-11 years with mild to moderate persistent asthma, ENO concentrations were measured before and after 4 weeks of treatment with montelukast sodium, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, and 2 weeks after withdrawal of therapy. Baseline ENO levels (mean and(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) is a noninvasive marker of ongoing inflammation in asthmatic patients. Comparison between inhaled and oral anti-inflammatory medications in reduction of ENO in asthmatic patients has not been performed. OBJECTIVE We measured changes in ENO, spirometry, need for rescue medication, quality of life (QOL), and diary(More)
The hypotheses tested in this study were that during acute asthma exacerbations (1) exhaled nitric oxide concentrations [eNO] are a more sensitive, noninvasive indicator of asthma disease activity than serum markers of inflammation such as eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) or soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2R), and (2) elevated [eNO] are reduced after(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis is commonly treated with antihistamines. Monitoring improvement of airway inflammation noninvasively using nasal nitric oxide (nNO) would be clinically useful. To determine the anti-inflammatory effect of oral levocetirizine dihydrochloride (LC), we measured nNO and nasal eosinophils (nEos) in perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR)(More)
397 Standardization and Characterization of Dust Mite Extracts Manufactured in the USA Greg Plunkett, PhD. ALK-Abello, Round Rock, TX. Background: Standardized Dermatophagoides dust mite extracts are produced in the US from purified whole bodies. Growth media and the processes for separating mites from media vary among manufacturers. The FDA requires that(More)