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A small heat-shock protein (sHSP) that shows molecular chaperone activity in vitro was recently purified from mature chestnut (Castanea sativa) cotyledons. This protein, renamed here as CsHSP17. 5, belongs to cytosolic class I, as revealed by cDNA sequencing and immunoelectron microscopy. Recombinant CsHSP17.5 was overexpressed in Escherichia coli to study(More)
Nine paid volunteers were sleep deprived over a period of 40 hours. Every 2 hours during total sleep deprivation (TSD) and after recovery sleep, oral temperature (OT), reaction time (RT) in a vigilance task and electroencephalogram (EEG) with eyes open and closed (C3, C4, T3 and T4) were recorded. Ten artifact-free samples from each condition were Fourier(More)
Brain correlates comparing pleasant and unpleasant states induced by three dissimilar masterpiece excerpts were obtained. Related emotional reactions to the music were studied using Principal Component Analysis of validated reports, fMRI, and EEG coherent activity. A piano selection by Bach and a symphonic passage from Mahler widely differing in musical(More)
The change in the percentage of rat hippocampal high-frequency theta activity from being immobile and awake to swimming behaviour was calculated for three groups of rats, trained in either place learning, cue learning or egocentric learning in the Morris water maze. The place-learning-trained rats showed an increase in the percentage of theta activity,(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was monopolarly recorded during resting wakefulness in 10 volunteers under the following conditions: at night before going to sleep, at night before total sleep deprivation, in the morning after waking, in the morning after sleep deprivation and at night after having slept during the day. Absolute and relative power(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Coherent activity of fast activity has been postulated to be a common language of the brain involved in the processing of information and in integration of spatially separated but temporally correlated stimuli into whole events. Any disruption affecting temporality would result in distortion of cognitive activity. Dreaming during(More)
In view of the widespread use of electroencephalographic correlation (r) and coherence (Coh) analyses in studying brain functional relationships, it seems important to illustrate results yielded by both methods. Although they are considered as equivalent, they show important differences. Results obtained from r and Coh were compared using: (a) 2 Hz(More)
EEG correlation and coherence analyses have been used to study functional relationships between cortical regions, and found to vary as a function of physiological conditions, sex hormones and cognitive processes. However, the utility of serial EEG studies is dependent upon the within-subject reliability of repeated EEG recordings. The present study was(More)
The objective of this work is to determine differences in spectral power and coherent activity between stage 1 (S1) and REM sleep. The EEG activity of the two sleep stages is almost indistinguishable by visual inspection. Although many efforts have been directed toward understanding the process of falling asleep, little is known about differences in EEG(More)
EEG coherent activity is involved in the binding of spatially separated but temporally correlated stimuli into whole events. Cognitive features of rapid eye movement sleep (REM) dreaming resemble frontal lobe dysfunction. Therefore, temporal coupling of EEG activity between frontal and perceptual regions was analyzed from 10 min prior to dream reports (8(More)