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Nine paid volunteers were sleep deprived over a period of 40 hours. Every 2 hours during total sleep deprivation (TSD) and after recovery sleep, oral temperature (OT), reaction time (RT) in a vigilance task and electroencephalogram (EEG) with eyes open and closed (C3, C4, T3 and T4) were recorded. Ten artifact-free samples from each condition were Fourier(More)
Brain correlates comparing pleasant and unpleasant states induced by three dissimilar masterpiece excerpts were obtained. Related emotional reactions to the music were studied using Principal Component Analysis of validated reports, fMRI, and EEG coherent activity. A piano selection by Bach and a symphonic passage from Mahler widely differing in musical(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was monopolarly recorded during resting wakefulness in 10 volunteers under the following conditions: at night before going to sleep, at night before total sleep deprivation, in the morning after waking, in the morning after sleep deprivation and at night after having slept during the day. Absolute and relative power(More)
EEG correlation and coherence analyses have been used to study functional relationships between cortical regions, and found to vary as a function of physiological conditions, sex hormones and cognitive processes. However, the utility of serial EEG studies is dependent upon the within-subject reliability of repeated EEG recordings. The present study was(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Coherent activity of fast activity has been postulated to be a common language of the brain involved in the processing of information and in integration of spatially separated but temporally correlated stimuli into whole events. Any disruption affecting temporality would result in distortion of cognitive activity. Dreaming during(More)
Rat EEG has been empirically divided in bands that frequently do not correspond with EEG generators nor with the functional meaning of EEG rhythms. Power spectra from wakefulness (W), slow-wave sleep (SWS), and paradoxical sleep (PS) of Wistar rats were submitted to Principal Component Analyses (PCA) to investigate which frequencies are covariant. Three(More)
The change in the percentage of rat hippocampal high-frequency theta activity from being immobile and awake to swimming behaviour was calculated for three groups of rats, trained in either place learning, cue learning or egocentric learning in the Morris water maze. The place-learning-trained rats showed an increase in the percentage of theta activity,(More)
This study was designed to analyze whether the electroencephalographic (EEG) activity of the medial (mPFC) and orbital prefrontal cortex (oPFC) was modified during the performance of male rats in a T maze under two different conditions, sexually motivated (with previous intromission and females in the goal boxes of the lateral arms) or sexually(More)
INTRODUCTION The main purpose of this study was to determine if olanzapine (OLZ) can improve the ability to recognize emotional expressions, in the facial, prosodic and contextual modalities in treatment refractory schizophrenics (TRS) and, if this could be related to its effects on depressive symptoms. METHOD 14 TRS participated in the study. The Calgary(More)
In view of the widespread use of electroencephalographic correlation (r) and coherence (Coh) analyses in studying brain functional relationships, it seems important to illustrate results yielded by both methods. Although they are considered as equivalent, they show important differences. Results obtained from r and Coh were compared using: (a) 2 Hz(More)