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BACKGROUND Little population-based data exist outside the United States on the epidemiology of binge eating disorder (BED). Cross-national BED data are presented here and compared with bulimia nervosa (BN) data in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health Surveys. METHODS Community surveys with 24,124 respondents (ages 18+) across 14 mostly(More)
CONTEXT Strategies for prevention of depression are hindered by lack of evidence about the combined predictive effect of known risk factors. OBJECTIVES To develop a risk algorithm for onset of major depression. DESIGN Cohort of adult general practice attendees followed up at 6 and 12 months. We measured 39 known risk factors to construct a risk model(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that the prevalence of common mental disorders varies across Europe. AIMS To compare prevalence of common mental disorders in general practice attendees in six European countries. METHOD Unselected attendees to general practices in the UK, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia, Estonia and The Netherlands were assessed for major(More)
BACKGROUND Factors associated with depression are usually identified from cross-sectional studies. AIMS We explore the relative roles of onset and recovery in determining these associations. METHOD Hazard ratios for onset and recovery were estimated for 39 risk factors from a cohort study of 10,045 general practice attendees whose depression status was(More)
BACKGROUND Affective disorders are associated with cognitive disturbances but their role as risk factors for dementia is still not fully investigated. AIMS To evaluate the risk of developing dementia in individuals with a history of affective disorder. METHOD We conducted a systematic review of case-control and cohort studies addressing the risk of(More)
The occurrence of cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with primary dystonia remains a matter of debate. We compared 45 patients with primary dystonia with 27 control subjects for performance on neuropsychological tasks with a load on executive-Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Stroop test, and visuospatial-Benton's visual retention test(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention of depression must address multiple risk factors. Estimating overall risk across a range of putative risk factors is fundamental to prevention of depression. However, we lack reliable and valid methods of risk estimation. This protocol paper introduces PREDICT, an international research study to address this risk estimation. (More)
—The use of virtualization technologies in high performance computing (HPC) environments has traditionally been avoided due to their inherent performance overhead. However, with the rise of container-based virtualization implementations , such as Linux VServer, OpenVZ and Linux Containers (LXC), it is possible to obtain a very low overhead leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Mental and physical disorders are associated with total disability, but their effects on days with partial disability (i.e. the ability to perform some, but not full-role, functioning in daily life) are not well understood. AIMS To estimate individual (i.e. the consequences for an individual with a disorder) and societal effects (i.e. the(More)
BACKGROUND This paper reports the findings of an analytical comparison of several macro indicators collected routinely from institutional sources in Europe. METHODS We carried out a review of macro indicators capable of providing a synthetic description of mental health status and the availability of psychiatric care in European countries. These were(More)