Miguel Diaz-Hernandez

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Huntington's disease (HD) inclusions are stained with anti-ubiquitin and anti-proteasome antibodies. This, together with proteasome activity studies on transfected cells, suggest that an impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) may be key in HD pathogenesis. To test whether proteasome activity is impaired in vivo, we performed enzymatic assays(More)
The presence of intracellular ubiquitylated inclusions in neurodegenerative disorders and the role of the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) in degrading abnormal hazardous proteins have given rise to the hypothesis that UPS-impairment underlies neurodegenerative processes. However, this remains controversial for polyglutamine disorders such as Huntington(More)
Dysregulation of gene expression is one of the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of Huntington's disease (HD). Here, we examined whether mutant huntingtin regulates the levels of PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1), a phosphatase that specifically dephosphorylates Akt at Ser473. Our results show decreased PHLPP1 protein(More)
Aggregation-prone proteins have been suggested to overwhelm and impair the ubiquitin/proteasome system (UPS) in polyglutamine (polyQ) disorders, such as Huntington's disease (HD). Overexpression of an N-terminal fragment of mutant huntingtin (N-mutHtt), an aggregation-prone polyQ protein responsible for HD, obstructs the UPS in cellular models. Furthermore,(More)
Endocannabinoids act as neuromodulatory and neuroprotective cues by engaging type 1 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are highly abundant in the basal ganglia and play a pivotal role in the control of motor behaviour. An early downregulation of type 1 cannabinoid receptors has been documented in the basal ganglia of patients with Huntington's disease(More)
There is solid evidence indicating that hyperphosphorylated tau protein, the main component of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles present in the brain of Alzheimer disease patients, plays a key role in progression of this disease. However, it has been recently reported that extracellular unmodified tau protein may also induce a neurotoxic effect on(More)
Deficits of neurotrophic support caused by reduced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been implicated in the selective vulnerability of striatal neurones in Huntington's disease (HD). Therapeutic strategies based on BDNF administration have been proposed to slow or prevent the disease progression. However, the effectiveness of BDNF may(More)
Prolonged seizures [status epilepticus (SE)] constitute a neurological emergency that can permanently damage the brain. SE results from a failure of the normal mechanisms to terminate seizures; in particular, γ-amino butyric acid-mediated inhibition, and benzodiazepine anticonvulsants are often incompletely effective. ATP acts as a fast neurotransmitter via(More)
Extracellular tau promotes an increase in the level of intracellular calcium in cultured neuronal cells. We have found that such increase is impaired in the presence of antagonists of muscarinic receptors. In order to identify the nature of those receptors, we have tested the effect of different specific muscarinic receptor antagonists on tau promoted(More)
The precise mechanism by which mutant huntingtin elicits its toxicity remains unknown. However, synaptic alterations and increased susceptibility to neuronal death are known contributors to Huntington's disease (HD) symptomatology. While decreased metabolism has long been associated with HD, recent findings have surprisingly demonstrated reduced neuronal(More)