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Sensory deficits have been documented in Parkinson's disease, in particular within the visual domain. However, ageing factors related to the brain and to neural and non-neural ocular structures could explain some of the previously reported results, in particular the claimed impairment within the koniocellular pathway. This study addressed visual impairment(More)
Retinal ganglion cells exhibit oscillatory responses which are precisely synchronized over large distances. Here we examined, with multi-electrode recordings, the time course of synchronization during spontaneous and stimulus-driven oscillatory activity. Spontaneous discharges showed synchronized oscillations at approximately 30 Hz, which were occasionally(More)
We report here retinotopically based magnocellular deficits in a patient with a unilateral parieto-occipital lesion. We applied convergent methodologies to study his dorsal stream processing, using psychophysics as well as structural and functional imaging. Using standard perimetry we found deficits involving the periphery of the left inferior quadrant(More)
PURPOSE To use a new methodological approach, based on luminance noise, to assess without bias the relative damage of blue-yellow and red-green pathways in ocular hypertension and glaucoma and to correlate obtained measurements with clinical markers of disease progression. METHODS A psychophysical procedure modified from Cambridge color test was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Classification defined in the Trial of Org10172 in Acute Ischaemic Stroke (TOAST) is widely used in trials and practice. Previous studies on pathophysiology suggest a role for endothelial inflammation in atherothrombotic strokes and intracardiac thrombosis in cardioembolic strokes. Data on lacunar and undetermined strokes are limited. The aim of(More)
Intrusive thoughts and compulsive urges to perform stereotyped behaviours are typical symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Emerging evidence suggests a cognitive bias towards habit formation at the expense of goal-directed performance in obsessive-compulsive disorder. In this study, we test this hypothesis using a novel individualized ecologically(More)
The effective use of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) in real-world environments depends on a satisfactory throughput. In a P300-based BCI, this can be attained by reducing the number of trials needed to detect the P300 signal. However, this task is hampered by the very low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) of P300 event related potentials. This paper proposes an(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a broad spectrum of cognitive deficits. In particular, executive dysfunction is recognized as a core deficit of NF1, including impairments in executive attention and inhibitory control. Yet, the neural mechanisms behind these important deficits are still unknown. Here, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-invasive brain-computer interface (BCI) based on electroencephalography (EEG) offers a new communication channel for people suffering from severe motor disorders. This paper presents a novel P300-based speller called lateral single-character (LSC). The LSC performance is compared to that of the standard row-column (RC) speller. METHODS We(More)
A major challenge in brain-computer interface (BCI) research is to increase the number of command classes and levels of control. BCI studies often use binary control level approaches (level 0 and 1 of brain activation for each class of control). Different classes may often be achieved but not different levels of activation for the same class. The increase(More)