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The strain RP42C from Penicillium chrysogenum produces a small protein PgAFP that inhibits the growth of some toxigenic molds. The molecular mass of the protein determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was 6 494Da. PgAFP showed a cationic character with an estimated pI value of 9.22. Upon chemical and enzymatic treatments of PgAFP,(More)
Dry-ripened foods favor the development of a superficial fungal population that may include toxigenic molds. To combat unwanted molds, an antifungal protein from Penicillium chrysogenum (PgAFP) can be useful. The aim of the present work was to study the antimicrobial activity of PgAFP against microorganisms common in dry-ripened foods, and to evaluate its(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the nonfulfillment of antiinfectious therapy in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fulfillment was quantified by tablet counting (TC) in the homes of 366 patients undergoing antibiotic treatment and the motives and predictive factors were identified. RESULTS Nonfulfillment was of 61% (95% confidence interval [CI](More)
To control unwanted molds in dry-cured meats it is necessary to allow the fungal development essential for the desired characteristics of the final product. Molds producing antifungal proteins could be useful to prevent hazards due to the growth of mycotoxigenic molds. The objective has been to select Penicillium spp. that produce antifungal proteins(More)
A PCR procedure was developed for the detection of Clostridium botulinum in foods. PCR products were detected in agarose gels and by Southern hybridization. The sensitivity of PCR was tested in broth cultures and in canned asparagus, dry cured ham and honey. The sensitivity of the method in broth was high (2.1-8.1 cfu ml-1) for types A and B, but rather low(More)
The fungal population on dry-cured Iberian ham can be essential to the development of the product's unique characteristics, but health hazards due to mycotoxins may be significant. We examined the natural fungal population of Iberian hams during ripening at three different locations. Chloroform extracts from 59 selected isolates were tested for toxicity to(More)
The protein PgChP is a new chitosanase produced by Penicillium chrysogenum AS51D that showed antifungal activity against toxigenic molds. Two isoforms were found by SDS-PAGE in the purified extract of PgChP. After enzymatic deglycosylation, only the smaller isoform was observed by SDS-PAGE. Identical amino acid sequences were obtained from the two isoforms.(More)
Antifungal proteins produced by molds are generally small, highly basic, and cysteine-rich. The best known effects of these proteins include morphological changes, metabolic inactivation, and membrane perturbation on sensitive fungi. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation leads to apoptosis, with G protein playing a key role in transduction of cell death(More)
Antifungal proteins from molds have been proposed as a valuable tool against unwanted molds, but the resistance of some fungi limits their use. Resistance to antimicrobial peptides has been suggested to be due to lack of interaction with the mold or to a successful response. The antifungal protein PgAFP produced by Penicillium chrysogenum inhibits the(More)
The proteolytic changes taking place in dry-cured hams lead to increases in free amino acids. Such free amino acids not only contribute to flavour, but also serve as precursors of volatile compounds. Several months of ripening time are required to allow the particular flavour to develop. The fungal population allowed to grow on the surface of some types of(More)