Miguel Asensio

Learn More
The fungal population on dry-cured Iberian ham can be essential to the development of the product's unique characteristics, but health hazards due to mycotoxins may be significant. We examined the natural fungal population of Iberian hams during ripening at three different locations. Chloroform extracts from 59 selected isolates were tested for toxicity to(More)
An extracellular protease from Penicillium chrysogenum (Pg222) isolated from dry-cured ham has been purified. The purification procedure involved several steps: ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography, filtration, and separation by high-performance liquid chromatography. Based on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
The Iberian dry cured ham is an uncooked meat product highly appreciated because of its characteristic flavour. This product is obtained from highly marbled Iberian pig hindlegs after 18-24 months of maturation under natural environmental conditions. The role of Micrococcaceae in the development of the aroma characteristics of this products remains unclear.(More)
The strain RP42C from Penicillium chrysogenum produces a small protein PgAFP that inhibits the growth of some toxigenic molds. The molecular mass of the protein determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was 6 494Da. PgAFP showed a cationic character with an estimated pI value of 9.22. Upon chemical and enzymatic treatments of PgAFP,(More)
To control unwanted molds in dry-cured meats it is necessary to allow the fungal development essential for the desired characteristics of the final product. Molds producing antifungal proteins could be useful to prevent hazards due to the growth of mycotoxigenic molds. The objective has been to select Penicillium spp. that produce antifungal proteins(More)
In order to determine the possible contribution of micro-organisms to the ripening of meat products, 48 cocci, 18 moulds and 20 yeasts isolated from dry-cured Iberian ham were evaluated for proteolytic activity. Two specific methods were used: the ability to hydrolyse myosin in broth and, for those strains showing high activities, hydrolysis on both(More)
Dry-ripened foods favor the development of a superficial fungal population that may include toxigenic molds. To combat unwanted molds, an antifungal protein from Penicillium chrysogenum (PgAFP) can be useful. The aim of the present work was to study the antimicrobial activity of PgAFP against microorganisms common in dry-ripened foods, and to evaluate its(More)
Moulds grow on many different dry-cured meat products and are able to hydrolyse muscle proteins. However, their contribution to proteolysis in these products is not well known. Only recently, the ability of just a few strains of Penicillium spp. to increase proteolysis in dry-cured meat products has been shown. For these strains to be used as starter(More)
To elucidate the extent of the hydrolysis and loss of extractability of protein during the traditional ripening of Iberian ham, the evolution during processing of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and protein fractions soluble in 0·03 m pH 7·1 phosphate and 1·1 KI + 0·1 m phosphate pH 7·4 buffers and 6 m urea was followed from Semimembranosus and Biceps femoris(More)
The relationship between the superficial yeast population and the ripening conditions of Iberian dry cured hams has been studied for three different locations. Tentative identifications were carried out for 836 isolates. Candida zeylanoides was the dominating yeast in early stages, whereas more than 99% of isolates from the surface of matured hams were(More)