Miguel Arjona Ramírez

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Vector quantization (VQ) of speech spectral vectors has been improved by techniques such as split VQ (SVQ), vector transforms and direction switching. This paper proposes Intra-Predictive Switched SVQ (IPSSVQ) with direction switching by a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), using at the frame level the prediction-based lower-triangular transform (PLT), which has(More)
Life has existed on the Earth for approximately four billion years. The sheer depth of evolutionary time, and the diversity of extant species, makes it tempting to assume that all the key biochemical innovations underpinning life have already happened. But we are only a little over halfway through the trajectory of life on our planet. In this Opinion piece,(More)