Miguel Angel Pacheco

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The recent discovery and cloning of cannabinoid receptors has provided a major breakthrough in the understanding of the biochemical mechanisms of action of delta 9-tetrahydrocannibinol (delta 9-THC). Cannabinoid receptors are coupled to G-proteins and inhibit adenylyl cyclase in a variety of systems. In the brain, cannabinoid-inhibited adenylyl cyclase and(More)
Sodium is generally required for optimal inhibition of adenylyl cyclase by Gi/o-coupled receptors. Cannabinoids bind to specific receptors that act like other members of the Gi/o-coupled receptor superfamily to inhibit adenylyl cyclase. However, assay of cannabinoid inhibition of adenylyl cyclase in rat cerebellar membranes revealed that concentrations of(More)
Characterization of the newly discovered G-protein-coupled cannabinoid receptor in brain requires determination of its functional significance. The effects are reported of several potent cannabinoid analogs (CP 55,244, CP 55,940, levonantradol and WIN 55,212-2) on cultured neurons from hippocampus, a brain region that exhibits high cannabinoid receptor(More)
G protein-linked cannabinoid receptors are present in high density in cerebellum, where they inhibit adenylyl cyclase. This study explored whether cannabinoid receptors are co-localized with GABAB receptors on cerebellar granule cells. In rat cerebellar membranes, receptor-coupled G protein function was assayed by agonist stimulation of low Km GTPase as(More)
Both opioids and cannabinoids bind to G-protein-coupled receptors to inhibit adenylyl cyclase in neurons. These reactions were assayed in brain membranes, where maximal inhibitory activity occurred in the following regions: mu-opioid inhibition in rat thalamus, delta-opioid inhibition in rat striatum, kappa-opioid inhibition in guinea pig cerebellum, and(More)
Aminoalkylindoles (AAIs) are antinociceptive agents which act through two distinct mechanisms: inhibition of cyclooxygenase and a novel mechanism retained by AAI analogs which do not inhibit cyclooxygenase. This latter mechanism is reflected by inhibition of neuronally mediated contractions in several smooth muscle bioassays. The present studies explored(More)
The function of the phosphoinositide signal transduction system and the levels of heterotrimeric G-protein alpha-subunits were examined in postmortem prefrontal cortex regions (8/9) and region (10) from suicide victims with major depression and matched control subjects without psychiatric illness. The hydrolysis of [3H]phosphatidylinositol (PI) stimulated(More)
The function of the phosphoinositide second messenger system was assessed in occipital, temporal, and frontal cortex obtained postmortem from subjects with bipolar affective disorder and matched controls by measuring the hydrolysis of [3H]phosphatidylinositol ([3H]PI) incubated with membrane preparations and several different stimulatory agents.(More)
Comparisons of the activity of the G protein-mediated phosphoinositide signal transduction system and of G protein levels were made in two regions of frontal cortex from eight schizophrenic, alcohol-dependent, and control subjects. G protein-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis was measured by stimulating cortical membranes incubated with(More)
The phosphoinositide signal transduction system constitutes one of the primary means for intercellular communication in the central nervous system, but only recently has this system been studied in human brain. Although some investigations have studied phosphoinositide signaling in slices from biopsied human brain, due to the limited access to such material(More)