Miguel Angel López

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The aim of this investigation was to evaluate toxicity effects of pesticides in aquatic invertebrates using in situ bioassays with the local species, Daphnia magna. Investigations were carried out in the Delta del Ebro (northeast Spain) during the main growing season of rice (May-August). Measures of energy consumption (i.e., algal grazing) and of specific(More)
Barbel (Barbus graellsii) is a freshwater fish used as a sentinel species in environmental monitoring programmes and ecotoxicological studies in northern Spain, particularly in the Ebro River basin, the largest freshwater resource in Spain. We developed specific primers for the quantification of CYP1A and metallothionein (MT)-1 and -2 gene expression by(More)
The aim of this investigation was to identify major pesticides that may cause detrimental effects in bivalve species affected by agricultural pollution. Investigations were carried out using freshwater clams (Corbicula fluminea) transplanted in the main drainage channels that collect the effluents coming from agriculture fields in the Ebro Delta (NE Spain)(More)
Cefdinir, a broad spectrum third-generation cephalosporin for oral administration, was prepared by the following synthetic pathway: synthesis of diphenylmethyl 7beta-amino-3-vinyl-3-cephem-4-carboxylate hydrochloride from 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA), preparation of sodium 2-(2-tritylaminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-(tritylhydroxyimino) acetate from ethyl(More)
Cefpodoxime proxetil, a third-generation cephalosporin for oral administration, was synthesized by a method based on the following sequence of reactions: acylation of 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA) with S-benzothiazol-2-yl(2-amino-4-thiazolyl)(methoxyimino)thioacetate (MAEM), chloroacetylation of the cefotaxime formed with chloroacetyl chloride,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to analyze mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome lineages in a range of Atlantic and Mediterranean populations of the Iberian Peninsula in search of genetic differences between both façades and to uncover the most probable geographic origin and coalescence ages of lineages. METHODS The control region of mitochondrial DNA(More)
Twenty 3-acetoxymethyl cephalosporin derivatives, with various cinnamoyl (3-phenyl-2-propenoyl) substituted groups at the 7beta-position, were synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity in vitro. Some of these cephalosporin derivatives showed good selective activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Although substitution on the aromatic ring of(More)
The (1)H and (13)C spectroscopic data for 7beta-(cinnamoyl-substituted)amino-3-acetoxymethyl-cephalosporins were fully assigned by a combination of one- and two-dimensional experiments. Substitution on the aromatic ring and on the double-bond alpha-position of the cinnamoyl moiety has little influence on the spectroscopic properties of the(More)
This study evaluated the impact of biocides (tributyltin, chlorthalonil and Irgarol 1051) and of pollutants (copper, inorganic and methyl mercury and 4-nonylphenol) occurring in Ebro River (NE Spain) on early developmental stages of native Spanish freshwater and invasive zebra mussels. Toxicity tests were conducted with embryos and glochidia of zebra mussel(More)
In the lower Ebro River exist the paradoxical convergence of relatively well preserved river dynamics with the historical presence of a chloralkali plant with a long history of mercury discharges and the recent invasion of foreign bivalves species. Here we performed a comparative study on two alien bivalves, the Zebra mussel and the Asian clam (Dreissena(More)