Miguel Angel Betancourt

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Consistent high-quality of papers published in ''Toxicology in Vitro'' can only be maintained with the cooperation and dedication of a number of expert referees. The Editors would like to thank all those who have donated the hours necessary to review, evaluate and comment on manuscripts; their conscientious efforts have enabled the journal to maintain its(More)
The frequency of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) and the rate of cell proliferation were evaluated through differential staining of sister chromatids in mitogen-stimulated cultured lymphocytes sampled from five well-nourished children, from seven severely malnourished children infected with bacterium, and from 10 severely malnourished children following(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if the distribution in vivo of CD4(+)CD45RA(+)/CD45RO(-) (naive), CD4(+)CD45RA(+)/CD45RO(+) (Ddull) and CD4(+)CD45RO(+) (memory) lymphocytes differs in malnourished infected and well-nourished infected children. The expression of CD45RA (naive) and CD45RO (memory) antigens on CD4(+) lymphocytes was analysed by flow(More)
The recent decline in sperm concentration observed in men has developed over a short period of time, suggesting that it could be the result of environmental factors. The present study has evaluated the effects of insecticides Malathion and Diazinon, and herbicides Atrazine and Fenoxaprop-Ethyl on porcine sperm viability and motility patterns in vitro using(More)
In an effort to develop an effective and affordable oral vaccine against porcine Taenia solium cysticercosis, the S3Pvac anti-cysticercosis vaccine was expressed in papaya calli. Taenia pisiformis experimental rabbit cysticercosis was used as a model to compare the efficacy of the oral vaccine vs. the injectable S3Pvac-synthetic and S3Pvac-phage versions.(More)
A human hepatic cell line (WRL-68 cells) was employed to investigate the uptake of the toxic heavy metal mercury. Hg accumulation in WRL-68 cells is a time and concentration dependent process. A rapid initial phase of uptake was followed by a second slower phase. The transport does not require energy and at low HgCl2 concentrations (<50 microM) Hg transport(More)
Infectious disease and malnutrition in children are public health problems in developing countries. Malnutrition is associated with higher levels of DNA damage, and this increased damage could be due to different factors, including the possibility that cells from malnourished children could be more susceptible to environmental damage. The aim of the present(More)
Severe malnutrition is widely distributed throughout the world and exhibits a high prevalence in developing countries. Experimental malnutrition models have been useful to study the effects of malnutrition at early ages. The purpose of this study was to determine if severe malnutrition induced during lactation in rats increases DNA damage in spleen,(More)
Studies suggest that carbohydrates are important in different stages of fertilization. Plasma membrane changes accompanying in vitro capacitation and acrosome reaction (AR), such as removal or appearance of specific glycoproteins, have been studied using lectins that bind specifically to carbohydrate residues. In specialized artificial insemination farms(More)
The fraction of lymphocytes that responded to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) stimulation and initiated cellular proliferation (stimulation index or SI) was determined in groups of healthy and severely malnourished children. SI was determined again in the latter group after a period of nutritional recovery. The proportion of interphasic cells showing PHA response(More)