Miguel Angel Ballicora

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The accumulation of alpha-1,4-polyglucans is an important strategy to cope with transient starvation conditions in the environment. In bacteria and plants, the synthesis of glycogen and starch occurs by utilizing ADP-glucose as the glucosyl donor for elongation of the alpha-1,4-glucosidic chain. The main regulatory step takes place at the level of(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase catalyzes the first committed and rate-limiting step in starch biosynthesis in plants and glycogen biosynthesis in bacteria. It is the enzymatic site for regulation of storage polysaccharide accumulation in plants and bacteria, being allosterically activated or inhibited by metabolites of energy flux. We report the first atomic(More)
The potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.) ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (ADP-GlcPPase) catalyzes the first committed step in starch biosynthesis. The main type of regulation of this enzyme is allosteric, and its activity is controlled by the ratio of activator, 3-phosphoglycerate to inhibitor, P(i). It was reported (Fu, Y., Ballicora, M. A., Leykam, J. F.,(More)
In plants, the synthesis of starch occurs by utilizing ADP-glucose as the glucosyl donor for the elongation of α-1,4-glucosidic chains. In photosynthetic bacteria the synthesis of glycogen follows a similar pathway. The first committed step in these pathways is the synthesis of ADP-glucose in a reaction catalyzed by ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (ADPGlc(More)
cDNAs encoding the large subunit and a possibly truncated small subunit of the potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.) adenosine 5'-diphosphate-glucose pyrophosphorylase have been expressed in Escherichia coli (A.A. Iglesias, G.F. Barry, C. Meyer, L. Bloksberg, P.A. Nakata, T. Greene, M.J. Laughlin, T.W. Okita, G.M. Kishore, J. Preiss, J Biol Chem [1993] 268:(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase catalyzes the first and limiting step in starch biosynthesis and is allosterically regulated by the levels of 3-phosphoglycerate and phosphate in plants. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylases from plants are heterotetramers composed of two types of subunits (small and large). In this study, the six Arabidopsis thaliana genes coding(More)
ADP-glucose (Glc) pyrophosphorylase (ADP-Glc PPase) catalyzes the first committed step in starch biosynthesis. Higher plant ADP-Glc PPase is a heterotetramer (alpha(2)beta(2)) consisting of two small and two large subunits. There is increasing evidence that suggests that catalytic and regulatory properties of the enzyme from higher plants result from the(More)
The reductive pentose phosphate cycle (Benson-Calvin cycle) is the main biochemical pathway for the conversion of atmospheric CO2 to organic compounds. Two unique systems that link light-triggered events in thylakoid membranes with enzyme regulation are located in the soluble portion of chloroplasts (stroma): the ferredoxin-thioredoxin system and ribulose(More)
The potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.) ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase activity is activated by a incubation with ADP-glucose and dithiothreitol or by ATP, glucose- 1-phosphate, Ca2+, and dithiothreitol. The activation was accompanied by the appearance of new sulfhydryl groups as determined with 5, 5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid). By analyzing the(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase is the enzyme responsible for the regulation of glycogen synthesis in bacteria. The enzyme N-terminal domain has a Rossmann-like fold with three neighbor loops facing the substrate ATP. In the Escherichia coli enzyme, one of those loops also faces the regulatory site containing Lys(39), a residue involved in binding of the(More)