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Exposure to certain metal and metalloid species, such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and nickel, has been associated with an increased risk of cancer in humans. The biological effects of these metals are thought to result from induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibition of DNA repair enzymes, although alterations in signal transduction(More)
Eukaryotic cells reprogram their global patterns of gene expression in response to stress. Recent studies in Schizosaccharomyces pombe showed that the RNA-binding protein Csx1 plays a central role in controlling gene expression during oxidative stress. It does so by stabilizing atf1(+) mRNA, which encodes a subunit of a bZIP transcription factor required(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with either three inactivated genes (triple disruptants) or four inactivated genes (quadruple disruptants) encoding the four acidic ribosomal phosphoproteins, YP1 alpha, YP1 beta, YP2 alpha, and YP2 beta, present in this species have been obtained. Ribosomes from the triple disruptants and, obviously, those from the(More)
Protein P0 interacts with proteins P1alpha, P1beta, P2alpha, and P2beta, and forms the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal stalk. The capacity of RPP0 genes from Aspergillus fumigatus, Dictyostelium discoideum, Rattus norvegicus, Homo sapiens, and Leishmania infantum to complement the absence of the homologous gene has been tested. In S. cerevisiae W303dGP0,(More)
Here we describe, for the first time, that budding yeast mitogen-activated protein kinase Hog1 and its upstream activators Pbs2 and Ssk1 are essential for the response to arsenite. Hog1 is rapidly phosphorylated in response to arsenite and triggers a transcriptional response that involves the upregulation of genes essential for arsenite detoxification.
Fission yeast Spc1 (Sty1), a stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) homologous to human p38, orchestrates global changes in gene expression in response to diverse forms of cytotoxic stress. This control is partly mediated through Atf1, a transcription factor homologous to human ATF2. How Spc1 controls Atf1, and how the cells tailor gene(More)
Control of mRNA turnover is an essential step in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. The concerted action of many enzymes regulates the way each mRNA is degraded. Moreover, the degradation of each mRNA is influenced by the environment surrounding the cell. The conection between the environment and changes in the half-lifes of mRNAs is regulated(More)
Protein P0, an essential component of the eukaryotic ribosomal stalk, is found phosphorylated in the ribosome. Substitution of serine 302 in the amino acid sequence of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae P0 by either aspartic acid or cysteine abolishes in vitro and in vivo phosphorylation of the protein. On the contrary, the replacement of this serine by a(More)
In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, oxidative stress triggers the activation of the Spc1/Sty1 mitogen-activated protein kinase, which in turn phosphorylates the Atf1/Pcr1 heterodimeric transcription factor to effect global changes in the patterns of gene expression. This transcriptional response is also controlled by Csx1, an RNA-binding protein(More)
The ribosomal stalk is directly involved in the interaction of the elongation factors with the ribosome during protein synthesis. The stalk is formed by a complex of five proteins, four small acidic polypeptides and a larger protein which directly interacts with the rRNA at the GTPase center. In eukaryotes the acidic components correspond to the 12-kDa P1(More)