Miguel A. Ramírez-Romero

Learn More
Symbiotic bacteria known as rhizobia interact with the roots of legumes and induce the formation of nitrogen-fixing nodules. In rhizobia, essential genes for symbiosis are compartmentalized either in symbiotic plasmids or in chromosomal symbiotic islands. To understand the structure and evolution of the symbiotic genome compartments (SGCs), it is necessary(More)
The symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium etli CE3 belongs to the RepABC family of plasmid replicons. This family is characterized by the presence of three conserved genes, repA, repB, and repC, encoded by the same DNA strand. A long intergenic sequence (igs) between repB and repC is also conserved in all members of the plasmid family. In this paper we demonstrate(More)
The physiological role and transcriptional expression of Rhizobium etli sigma factors rpoH1 and rpoH2 are reported in this work. Both rpoH1 and rpoH2 were able to complement the temperature-sensitive phenotype of an Escherichia coli rpoH mutant. The R. etli rpoH1 mutant was sensitive to heat shock, sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide, whereas the(More)
The basic replicon of the symbiotic plasmid (p42d) of Rhizobium etli CE3 is constituted by the repABC operon. Whereas RepC is essential for plasmid replication, RepA and RepB are involved in plasmid partitioning. Three incompatibility regions have been previously identified in this plasmid: the first one encodes RepA, a partitioning protein that also(More)
Regulation of transcription is essential for any organism and Rhizobium etli (a multi-replicon, nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium) is no exception. This bacterium is commonly found in the rhizosphere (free-living) or inside of root-nodules of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in a symbiotic relationship. Abiotic stresses, such as high soil temperatures(More)
The basic replicon of Rhizobium etli CE3, like other members of the repABC plasmid family, is constituted by the repABC operon. RepC is essential for replication, and RepA and RepB play a role in plasmid segregation. It has been shown that deletion derivatives lacking the repAB genes have an increased copy number, indicating that these genes participate in(More)
A collection of Rhizobium etli promoters was isolated from a genomic DNA library constructed in the promoter-trap vector pBBMCS53, by their ability to drive the expression of a gusA reporter gene. Thirty-seven clones were selected, and their transcriptional start-sites were determined. The upstream sequence of these 37 start-sites, and the sequences of(More)
In the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) may play a dual role assimilating carbon and nitrogen from choline or choline precursors—abundant at infection sites—and producing glycine betaine, which protects the bacteria against the high-osmolarity stress prevalent in the infected tissues. We cloned the P. aeruginosa(More)
The aims of this study were to functionally characterize and analyze the transcriptional regulation and transcriptome of the Rhizobium etli rpoE4 gene. An R. etli rpoE4 mutant was sensitive to oxidative, saline, and osmotic stresses. Using transcriptional fusions, we determined that RpoE4 controls its own transcription and that it is negatively regulated by(More)
The replicator region of the symbiotic plasmid of Rhizobium etli CFN42 was cloned and sequenced. A plasmid derivative (pH3) harbouring a 5-6 kb HindIII fragment from the symbiotic plasmid was found to be capable of independent replication and eliminated the symbiotic plasmid when introduced into a R. etli CFNX101 strain (a recA derivative). The stability(More)