Miguel A. R. B. Castanho

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An increasing amount of information on the action of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) at the molecular level has not yet been translated into a comprehensive understanding of effects in bacteria. Although some biophysical attributes of AMPs have been correlated with macroscopic features, the physiological relevance of other properties has not yet been(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common representative of a group of disorders known as synucleinopathies, in which misfolding and aggregation of α-synuclein (a-syn) in various brain regions is the major pathological hallmark. Indeed, the motor symptoms in PD are caused by a heterogeneous degeneration of brain neurons not only in substantia nigra pars(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are part of the innate immune defense mechanism of many organisms. Although AMPs have been essentially studied and developed as potential alternatives for fighting infectious diseases, their use as anticancer peptides (ACPs) in cancer therapy either alone or in combination with other conventional drugs has been regarded as a(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important potential alternatives to conventional therapies against bacterial infections. rBPI(21) is a 21 kDa peptide based on the N-terminal region of the neutrophil bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI). This AMP possesses highly selective bactericidal effects on Gram-negative bacteria and have affinity for(More)
The potential of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) as an alternative to conventional therapies is well recognized. Insights into the biological and biophysical properties of AMPs are thus key to understanding their mode of action. In this study, the mechanisms adopted by two AMPs in disrupting the gram-negative Escherichia coli bacterial envelope were explored.(More)
Partition of the intrinsically fluorescent HIV fusion inhibitor enfuvirtide into lipidic membranes is relatively high (Delta G =6.6 kcal x mol(-1)) and modulated by cholesterol. A shallow position in the lipidic matrix makes it readily available for interaction with gp41. No conformational energetic barrier prevents enfuvirtide from being active in both(More)
Some cationic peptides, referred to as CPPs (cell-penetrating peptides), have the ability to translocate across biological membranes in a non-disruptive way and to overcome the impermeable nature of the cell membrane. They have been successfully used for drug delivery into mammalian cells; however, there is no consensus about the mechanism of cellular(More)
BP100 (KKLFKKILKYL-NH(2)) is a short cecropin A-melittin hybrid peptide, obtained through a combinatorial chemistry approach, which is highly effective in inhibiting both the in vitro and in vivo growth of economically important plant pathogenic Gram-negatives. The intrinsic Tyr fluorescence of BP100 was taken advantage of to study the peptide's binding(More)
Hydrogel materials that display inherent activity against bacteria can be used to directly treat accessible wounds to prevent or kill existing infection. Hydrogels composed of self-assembling β-hairpin peptides, having a high content of arginine, were found to be extremely effective at killing both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including(More)
Enfuvirtide and T-1249 are two HIV-1 fusion inhibitor peptides that bind to gp41 and prevent its fusogenic conformation, inhibiting viral entry into host cells. Previous studies established the relative preferences of these peptides for membrane model systems of defined lipid compositions. We aimed to understand the interaction of these peptides with the(More)