Miguel A. Pina

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OBJECTIVE Recent reports provide consistent evidence that Spain is an area of high risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) according to prevalence surveys. However, the studies of incidence are scarce. The objective of the current work is to analyse whether the increased prevalence of MS is accompanied by increasing incidence in the area of Bajo Aragón,(More)
Neurological development over a period of 25 years and MRI findings are reported in two members of the same family affected by mannosidosis type II. Progressive axial and appendicular cerebellar syndrome, moderate hearing loss and deterioration of gait were present in both patients. Neuropsychological deficiency was severe, but progression over the years(More)
The relationship between multiple sclerosis (MS) and the HLA antigens DR2 and DQ1 is well recognised, but, in Spain, it has not been clearly defined. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between MS and HLA antigens in the sanitary district of Calatayud, northern Spain, and to correlate these antigens with the progression of the disease.(More)
UNLABELLED We undertook an epidemiologic study to ascertain the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the Sanitary District of Calatayud, in the north-east of Spain. METHODS The study was performed from October 1990 to July 1996. The total number of residents in the area was 58,591. An extensive search was carried out to identify all cases of known or(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease is associated with abnormalities in the levels of some brain metabolites, including decreases in N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) and increases in myo-inositol and choline levels. Cholinesterase inhibitors have proven modest effects on cognition in patients with mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease; however, there is little(More)
Spinal epidural abscesses account for 1 or 2 of every 10,000 hospital admissions, Staphylococcus aureus being the bacterium most frequently involved. Brucellosis is a disorder of worldwide distribution, relatively frequent in South America and in Mediterranean countries in Europe and Africa. Whilst in the USA only 200 cases are reported every year, in Spain(More)
OBJECTIVE Mild cognitive impairment has been regarded as a pre-Alzheimer condition, but some patients do not develop dementia. Given the available therapies for Alzheimer's disease, early diagnosis is of paramount importance. The authors' objective was to determine whether findings from magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the hippocampus and other(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Histopathology is the gold standard to establish the grade of brain tumors but biopsy and/or surgery are not always possible. The aim of this study is to determine whether histological grade of tumors may be predicted by means of conventional gadolinium-enhanced MRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To compare memantine with the most prescribed cholinesterase inhibitor (donepezil) from a clinical viewpoint when administered in early phases of Alzheimer disease (AD), and to find out whether memantine may produce changes in brain metabolite concentrations in comparison with donepezil. METHODS In this comparative rater-blinded(More)