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A recent genome-wide association study conducted by the International Multiple Sclerosis Genetic Consortium (IMSGC) identified, among others, a number of putative multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility variants at position 1p22. Twenty-one SNPs positively associated with MS were located at the GFI-EVI5-RPL5-FAM69A locus. In this study, we performed an(More)
Natalizumab is a monoclonal antibody shown to be highly effective in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Patients treated with natalizumab can develop antibodies directed against this agent that may affect the efficacy and safety of the drug. In this observational study, the kinetics of the appearance and the incidence of(More)
We investigated the role of three polymorphisms in the IFNAR1 (SNPs 18417 and -408) and IFNAR2 (SNP 11876) genes in multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility and in the IFNbeta treatment response in a group of 147 patients and 210 controls undergoing interferon therapy during the last 2 years. Only the 18417 and the 11876 SNPs showed an association with(More)
Some polymorphisms in the FCRL3 gene, a member of the Fc-receptor like family, have been associated with several autoimmune diseases and recently with multiple sclerosis (MS). We performed a case-control study of three SNPs in FCRL3 gene in 645 MS patients and 786 controls, all Caucasians from the South of Spain. Genotype and allele frequencies of two SNPs(More)
Genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with genes of the major histocompatibility complex, particularly with the HLA DRB1*1501-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 haplotype in Caucasians. To investigate the association of DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 alleles and haplotypes with MS in Biscay, Basque Country, northern Spain, we examined 197 patients and 200(More)
BACKGROUND IL-2 receptor (IL2R) alpha is the specific component of the high affinity IL2R system involved in the immune response and in the control of autoimmunity. METHODS AND RESULTS Here we perform a replication and fine mapping of the IL2RA gene region analyzing 3 SNPs previously associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 5 SNPs associated with type(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about how the level of disability at the start of treatment with natalizumab affects its efficacy. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of natalizumab on relapses in patients with different levels of baseline disability associated with MS. METHODS This single-centre observational study collected(More)
Combination therapy may benefit the subgroup of patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) who do not respond to interferon beta (IFNB). We performed a two-year study of azathioprine (AZA) combined with IFNB-1b in SPMS patients who had not responded well to IFNB-1b alone. Patients with SPMS were eligible for this non-controlled(More)
Numerous studies have been carried out to determine whether an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can be considered a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS), following the evidence of an increase in IgG response to nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from MS patients. However, the possible interaction between EBV and MS(More)