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Integrin-mediated cell adhesion to extracellular matrices provides signals essential for cell cycle progression and differentiation. We demonstrate that substrate-dependent changes in the conformation of adsorbed fibronectin (Fn) modulated integrin binding and controlled switching between proliferation and differentiation. Adsorption of Fn onto bacterial(More)
Mouse and hamster SR-BI glycoproteins and their putative human counterpart CLA-I are so far the only scavenger receptors known to bind both native and modified lipoproteins. CD36, a multigland glycoprotein structurally related to SR-BI and CLA-1, has been reported to bind oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and acetylated LDL (AcLDL). In this report,(More)
HLA class I antigens present in the human leukemia T-cell line HPB-ALL are shown to be endocytosed in the absence of specific antibodies. In 1 hr, approximately 10% of class I molecules initially present at the cell surface are found intracellularly. Genetically engineered mutants of the HLA-A2 gene lacking exon 6 or 7 or both were used to analyze whether(More)
Here we show that scavenger receptor class B type I is present in the small-intestine brush border membrane where it facilitates the uptake of dietary cholesterol from either bile salt micelles or phospholipid vesicles. This receptor can also function as a port for several additional classes of lipids, including cholesteryl esters, triacylglycerols, and(More)
An HLA-B27 positive, Epstein Barr virus-transformed cell line Wewak I was not lysed by Epstein Barr virus-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes restricted by HLA-B27. This line is weakly reactive with a B27-specific monoclonal antibody, M2, which recognizes a majority, but not all, of the HLA-B27-positive cells. To establish the molecular basis for this lack of(More)
The thrombospondin and collagen type I receptor CD36 is a plasma membrane glycoprotein present in a restricted number of cell types. By contrast, rat lysosomal integral membrane protein II (LIMPII) is expressed on the membrane of lysosomes in all cell types so far examined. Nevertheless, both belong to the same gene family based on alignment of their(More)
The shift between pro-inflammatory (M1) and anti-inflammatory (M2) states of macrophage polarization allows the resolution of inflammatory processes as well as the maintenance of a basal anti-inflammatory environment in tissues continuously exposed to harmless antigens (e.g., lung and gut). To identify markers for the anti-inflammatory state of macrophages,(More)
CD36, CLA-1, and LIMPII are single polypeptide membrane glycoproteins, and the genes encoding them constitute a recently described gene family (D. Calvo and M. A. Vega (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268: 18929). In the present paper, a cDNA encoding the human lysosomal membrane protein LIMPII was used to determine its expression pattern in cells of various lineages.(More)
The cell-surface glycoprotein CD36 interacts with a large variety of ligands, including collagen types I and IV, thrombospondin, erythrocytes parasitized with Plasmodium falciparum, platelet-agglutinating protein p37, oxidized low density lipoprotein, and long-chain fatty acids. Its expression is restricted to platelets, monocytes, adipocytes, and some(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of papain-solubilized HLA-B27, an antigen that presents a very strong association to the development of ankylosing spondylitis, has been determined. The overall sequence homology with the cross-reactive allelic products HLA-B7 and HLA-B40 (Bw60) is 93% and 92%, respectively. Half of the differences between HLA-B27 and -B7(More)