Miguel A. Crúz

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In Tetrahymena, at least 17 distinct microtubule structures are assembled from a single primary sequence type of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimer, precluding distinctions among microtubular systems based on tubulin primary sequence isotypes. Tetrahymena tubulins also are modified by several types of posttranslational reactions including acetylation of(More)
Inflammation and thrombosis are two responses that are linked through a number of mechanisms, one of them being the complement system. Various proteins of the complement system interact specifically with platelets, which, in turn, activates them and promotes thrombosis. In this paper, we show that the converse is also true: activated platelets can activate(More)
Arterial blood flow enhances glycoprotein Ibalpha (GPIbalpha) binding to vWF, which initiates platelet adhesion to injured vessels. Mutations in the vWF A1 domain that cause type 2B von Willebrand disease (vWD) reduce the flow requirement for adhesion. Here we show that increasing force on GPIbalpha/vWF bonds first prolonged ("catch") and then shortened(More)
The interaction of von Willebrand factor (vWF) with platelet glycoprotein Ib/IX plays an important role in primary hemostasis. Previous studies have localized the GpIb alpha binding domain of vWF to amino acid residues 449-728, a region containing the vWF-A1 domain. In order to assess the role of A1 domain structure in vWF binding functions, a cDNA encoding(More)
von Willebrand Factor (vWF) is a multimeric protein that mediates platelet adhesion to exposed subendothelium at sites of vascular injury under conditions of high flow/shear. The A1 domain of vWF (vWF-A1) forms the principal binding site for platelet glycoprotein Ib (GpIb), an interaction that is tightly regulated. We report here the crystal structure of(More)
The von Willebrand factor (vWF) mediates platelet adhesion to exposed subendothelium at sites of vascular injury. It does this by forming a bridge between subendothelial collagen and the platelet glycoprotein Ib-IX-V complex (GPIb). The GPIb-binding site within vWF has been localized to the vWF-A1 domain. Based on the crystal structure of the vWF-A1 domain(More)
Both type 2B and type 2M von Willebrand disease result in bleeding disorders; however, whereas type 2B has increased binding affinity between platelet glycoprotein Ibα and von Willebrand factor (vWF), type 2M has decreased binding affinity between these two molecules. We used R687E type 2B and G561S type 2M vWF-A1 mutations to study binding between flowing(More)
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is caused by congenital or acquired deficiency of ADAMTS-13, a metalloprotease that cleaves the endothelium-derived ultra-large multimers of von Willebrand factor (ULVWF). The proteolysis converts hyper-reactive and thrombogenic ULVWF into smaller and less adhesive plasma forms. Activity of ADAMTS-13 is usually measured(More)
The interaction between the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX complex and von Willebrand factor (VWF) initiates both hemostasis and pathological thrombosis. This interaction is not only the first adhesive event of platelets at sites of vessel injury, but also facilitates fibrinogen binding to alpha(IIb)beta(3), which subsequently results in platelet(More)
Sulfatides are sulfated glycosphingolipids present on cell surfaces that bind to adhesive proteins such as von Willebrand factor (VWF), P-selectin, laminin and thrombospondin. Previous studies have localized the sulfatide-binding site of VWF to amino acid residues Gln626-Val646 in the A1 domain. The A1 domain also contains the binding site for platelet(More)