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In a mouse mutagenesis screen, we isolated a mutant, Myshkin (Myk), with autosomal dominant complex partial and secondarily generalized seizures, a greatly reduced threshold for hippocampal seizures in vitro, posttetanic hyperexcitability of the CA3-CA1 hippocampal pathway, and neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus. Positional cloning and functional(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), a major excitatory ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system (CNS), is a principal mediator of synaptic plasticity. Here we report that neuropilin tolloid-like 1 (Neto1), a complement C1r/C1s, Uegf, Bmp1 (CUB) domain-containing transmembrane protein, is a novel component of the NMDAR complex critical(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD), a treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy, elevates brain acetone. Acetone has been shown to suppress experimental seizures. Whether elevation of acetone is the basis of the anticonvulsant effects of the KD and whether acetone, like the KD, antagonizes many different types of seizures, however, is unknown. This study investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND Atypical absence seizures differ markedly from typical absence seizures in EEG findings, ictal behavior, and neurodevelopmental outcome. The object of these experiments was to provide electrical, behavioral, pharmacologic, and developmental characterization of a putative animal model of atypical absence seizures. METHODS Atypical(More)
Infantile spasms is a catastrophic childhood seizure disorder for which few animal models exist. Children with Down syndrome are highly susceptible to infantile spasms. The Ts65Dn mouse is a valid model for Down syndrome; therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the Ts65Dn mouse represents a substrate for an animal model of infantile spasms. The baseline of(More)
Bipolar disorder is a debilitating psychopathology with unknown etiology. Accumulating evidence suggests the possible involvement of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase dysfunction in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. Here we show that Myshkin mice carrying an inactivating mutation in the neuron-specific Na(+),K(+)-ATPase α3 subunit display a behavioral profile(More)
Deficiency of guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) causes creatine depletion and guanidinoacetate accumulation in brain with the latter deemed to be responsible for the severe seizure disorder seen in affected patients. We studied electrical brain activity and GABAA mediated mechanisms of B6J.Cg-Gamttm1Isb mice. Electrocorticographic (ECoG) monitoring(More)
Circadian rhythm of seizure is underestimated in the study of focal epilepsies. A review of the current literature revealed a clear correlation between cortical epileptogenic focus and the circadian phase of seizure peak occurrence in adult patients. A single diurnal peak at 19:00 was found in seizures originating from the occipital lobe, between 5:00 and(More)
We studied daily rhythms of chronic seizure activity and behavior in adult rats and mice treated with the cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor AY-9944 (AY) during early postnatal development. Chronic atypical absence seizures were verified in the AY-treated animals by the presence of spontaneous 5- to 6-Hz slow spike-wave discharges (SSWDs) in the neocortex.(More)
Atypical absence seizures (AASs) represent a pediatric malignant seizure type that commonly exists as a component of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. AAS involves both the hippocampal and thalamocortical circuitry in slow spike-and-wave discharges (SSWD) and is associated with cognitive dysfunction. The electrographic, behavioral, and pharmacological features of(More)